Matterial detection technologies

Magnetic tune (NQR) tech, used for explosives detection

 

C.G.R.I. REPORT

CGRI 2013-25

Unlimited Release

Printed January 2013

 

 

D.R.O.N.E.S. Early Warning System

& Kyklotron E4 INS series sensors technology

 

 

Prepared by

C.G.R.I. Laboratories

Simis 15, Nikosia 2044, Cyprus, EU

www.cgri.gr

 

C.G.R.I. laboratories operated by C.G.R.I. Ltd,

www.cgri.gr

 

Corresponding Author: Konstantinos Stromatias,

Date: 25 January 2013

Greek Army Brigadier (ret) , Branch of Combat Engineers & Informatics

Microelectronics systems Designer - Inventor Researcher
BSc in Greek Military Academy

MSc in Microelectronics and Computer Engineering

PhD candidate in Geophysics, Patras University

Contact Details: info@cgri.gr

 

Cyprus Geopathetic Research Institute Laboratories

NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by C.G.R.I., Cyprus, EU. Neither the C.G.R.I. nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, make any warranty, express or implied, or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represent that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the C.G.R.I., any agency thereof, or any of their contractors or subcontractors.

The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the C.G.R.I., any agency thereof, or any of their contractors.

 

 

CGRI 2013-25

Printed January 2013

 

 

 

D.R.O.N.E.S. Early Warning System

& Kyklotron E4 INS series sensors technology

 

 

 

Contraband Detection Department

 

 

 

C.G.R.I. Laboratories

2044

Simis 15, Nikosia, Cyprus, EU

 

 

Summary

 

This Technical Report is about the un-man, steady installed KYKLOTRON E4 INS system series sensors and the DRONES Early Warning System. Those kind of sensors could be used on DRONES & UAVs. This is a CONFIDENTIAL report, contains the Concept and Objectives, Company Profile, Materials Detection, Methodology used, Product Family, Sensors & Technology, Operational Benefits, Evaluation, Members of the Board - R&D Team and additional information in Appendixes such as the Related Patents, Cooperation Certificates, Technical Specifications, KYKLOTRON E4 INS series Sensors Products, Management of intellectual property rights about The Corridor Project. Basic ideas of operational plans about how the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system series sensors could locate explosives end protect wide areas ( military bases, cities, airports, petroleum or gas pipelines, any kind of stations, etc ) from gorillas or terrorists attack using explosives, are published at KYKLOTRON LTD official internet site ( www.kyklotron.com ).

 

Table of Contents

1. Concept and objectives............................................................................................... 4

1.1 Company Profile......................................................................................................... 4

1.2 Services...................................................................................................................... 5

1.2.1 Training courses................................................................................................. 5

1.3 Company Research fields........................................................................................ 6

1.3.1 SMART FULL ELECTRONIC MINEFIELDS................................................... 6

1.3.2 Pioneering Computer safety systems................................................................ 7

1.3.3 Material structure detection & Localization...................................................... 7

1.3.4 Other Systems (Environmental , Health, Safety, Historical)........................... 7

2 Materials Detection..................................................................................................... 8

2.1 Security Threats.......................................................................................................... 8

2.2 Detection Technologies.............................................................................................. 8

2.3 Sensors & Technology in materials detection, worldwide.................................. 8

3 Kyklotrons Ltd Sensors & Technology in material detection................................. 9

3.1 WMTS Technological ackground......24

3.1.1 Description of the KYKLOTRON E4 INS sensor ..25

3.2 W.M.T.S. tech in KYKLOTRON E4 INS Sensors............................................... 26

3.2.1 The KYKLOTRON E4 INS L SENSOR........................................................... 27

3.2.2 KYKLOTRON E4 INS SENSOR SYSTEM IN A GLANCE ....28

3.2.3 Using DRONES EWS method........................................................................ 30

3.3 DRONES methodology - Detection and Localisation using WMTS Systems. 32

4. Product Family.......................................................................................................... 55

4.1 Portable explosives localization devices................................................................ 56

4.1.1 Kyklotron E4 INS - Long Distance Remote Detection & Localization of Explosives... 56

5. Operational Benefits...........59

6. Evaluation.................................................................................................................. 64

6.1 Performance............................................................................................................... 64

6.2 Realization Kyklotron tech in Tests worldwide.....66

6.3 Test methodology .....67

METHOD 1............................................................................................................... 67

METHOD 2............................................................................................................... 67

7 Research .................................................................................................................... 72

8. Other Information..................................................................................................... 73

8.1 Members of Board - R&D Team.............................................................................. 73

Appendices...................................................................................................................... 76

Appendix A.1 Portfolio of Patents about WMTS tech (4 PATENTS)....................... 77

Appendix A.2 Cooperation Certificates....................................................................... 89

Appendix A.3 Technical Specifications....................................................................... 93

Appendix A.4 Management of intellectual property rights...................................... 96

Appendix A.5 The Corridor Project ........................................................................... 99

Appendix A.6 Paramagnetism Matterial detection technologies ........................... 106

Appendix A.7 Laser Matterial detection technologies ........................................... 109

Appendix .8 Abstract and Patents of Kyklotron ltd R & D ......112

 

 

 

 

1. Concept and objectives

This report is about WMTS technology ( Waveshooting Magnetic Tuned Systems ), a Kyklotron ltd patent technology and the products developed or designed up to now. The new sensors that are under development are the KYKLOTRON E4 INS sensors which detects explosives, narcotics and other material structures. This is a fully automated, unmanned sensor. The INS sensors could be installed at every place, at every station, on vehicles, airports railway bus port stations, UAVs & DRONES. Anywhere. With the use of those sensors the CORRIDOR PROJECT (see Appendix .6) could be take place, which is not a simple early warning system but and a trap for anyone that carries explosives and narcotics. The CORRIDOR PROJECT is a Kyklotrons Ltd patent.

1.1 Company Profile

 

Kyklotron Ltd is constantly adopting and improving new technologies to meet both the customer needs and new security challenges. Kyklotron Ltd serves the international market with products and solutions that have the highest accuracy, aiming at applications in both civil defense and military security. In order to meet the needs of our customers we are continually striving to bring to our distributors the best products and services.

 

In Kyklotron Ltd we study, design and develop Early Warning Systems. Our multisensoring, microelectronic, real time systems, can locate any material structure. We also Research and develop systems for safety, defense, counter terrorism & health.

 

Kyklotron Ltd was established in Cyprus, EU, at 10/11/2010 (registration number IE 275416, VAT number : 10275416J).

 

The company is the physical evolution of GEOMENT TEAM, a scientific team founded in 2002 in GREECE, by two Greek inventors, which are the Members of Board of Kyklotron Ltd.

The team designed and developed state-of-the-art real time electronic systems with numerous applications in the defense, low frequency magnetic fields, energy shields, material structure detection and localization. The team is firmly orientated to research and the improve its services and create innovative products. This leads to the continuous staffing of its departments with new scientific and specialized technical personnel.

In January 2009 the research foundation, CGRI Ltd (Cyprus Geopathietic Research Institute) was established in Cyprus , with the following registration number IE 24474 6. (www.cgri.gr )

 

Our Vision is to design & develop prototypes, worldwide technological products, that will promote the culture and the environment. Our specialization on those scientific fields guarantees the constant improvement of the team's operation and the satisfaction of any customer needs. Over the past few years our research has been focused on the design and manufacturing of state - of -the - art W.M.T.S (Wave - shooting Magnetic Tuned Systems) or mostly new as KYKLOTRON TECHNOLOGY.

 

KYKLOTRON TESTING AREA AND INSTALLATION LABS operate in corporation with AL.TE.K LTD in an area of 100 SQ MILES, in west Macedonia, Greece, EU. ( http://www.kyklotron.com/profile.html )

 

1.2 Services

Kyklotron ltd provides  installation, testing, planning, consulting and supporting services for the DRONES EWS Early Warning System.   

                     DRONES EWS DEMONSTRATION & TEST PROCESSING

                     DRONES EWS topology of the sensors and controllers scheduling

                     Implement planning and topology schedule of DRONES EWS   network

                     'Cleaning' areas procedures using DRONES EWS

                     DRONES EWS MEANS & CONTROL SERVERS ESTIMATION PLANNING

                     DRONES EWS  installation schedule processing

                     Multilevel training for systems - controllers - chief of operation

Our primary goal is to guarantee high quality services, setting quality and quantity objectives. Also provided services under conditions for detection and localization of explosive maters   , clear water , buried humans, living humans etc

We provide services using  advanced systems that uses a WORLDWIDE ORIGINAL TECHNOLOGY, argued with patent and certified from the Greek army, with the use of which detect and locate from long distances all the pre tuned known distinguishable material structures, as:  EXPLOSIVE MATTERS, METALS  AND NONMETAL STRUCTURES, PLASTIC , WOODEN AND METAL MINES, VEHICLES, TANKS, AQUATIC LAYERS,  ARMING SYSTEMS, LIVING PERSONS,  HUMAN BONES,  NARCOTIC SUBSTANCES, CLEAR WATER etc.          

 

1.2.1 Training courses

 

The company provides a basic training program on the use of the system for systems , power systems , Kyklotron C4ISR Control systems and trainers. KYKLOTRON Ltd also provides the detection technology program, and methods of any material structures detection in the fields, under ground, under water, in cages, universal buildings, the ways of car searching on the border points, at airports and at border crossing points. Also, the company provides information, complete training courses for the systems of the device in order to be able to detect the forbidden substances and carrying out the suitable steps to explain the levels of detection and identification.

 

Training Courses:

Available training courses in the use of the system and equipment are :

        Basic operator training course (required)  - user level.

        Advanced  - power  user level

        Advanced  - hyper  user level

        Trainers training course - trainers level.

        Control user -  DRONES EWS control user level.

        Training in Maritime or Aviation use.

        Training for detection  in or out  of high buildings.

        Special training in Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs).

        Any other training in detection of any target.

        Search and Rescue for Humans.

        Search for dead people.

 

1.3 Company Research fields

 

        ELECTRONIC SENSORS UNIFIED HYPERMATRIX (ENIA)

        Energy STEALTH shield production techniques.

        Strong Electromagnetic Pulse (S.E.M.P.) production and avoidance systems techniques.

        Weapon carry and monitoring, unmanned small submarines development, techniques.

        Full monitoring systems tech Electronic appliance for ground monitoring and activation of arming systems

1.3.1 SMART FULL ELECTRONIC MINEFIELDS

        Smart mines (electronic target detection and activation - deactivation) developing technologies.

        Electronic interactive minefields.

        Fast Laid minefields.

        Moving land targets identification and destruction, portable, multi-morphed, electronic, system.

        Mechanical activation, old technology anti-tank land mines conversion to modern electronic activation and complete width of exploitation system.

        Old tech anti - tank landmines upgrading techniques.

        Sea mines Rapid growth, amphibious system against landing and air-landing military crafts boats and ships.

        Anti-helicopter mines, Low flying helicopters, planes, hovercrafts and any flying crafts land based localization, identification and destruction electronic system.

        Hand throw mines.

        Rapid coat rolling land mines system.

 

1.3.2 Pioneering Computer safety systems

        DESKTOP COMPUTERS SAFETY SKELETON SYSTEM.

        COMPUTER MULTILEVEL SECURITY.

1.3.3 Material structure detection & Localization

 

        Magnetic tuned phenomenon on material structure.

        Explosives and material structures localization techniques.

        The CORIDOR project An automated installed system that could detect explosives, narcotics and other material structures in airports, railway stations, bus stations, harbors, buildings, camps, etc.

        Land - sea mines detection and localization from long distance techniques.

        Living life forms and HUMAN detection, using magnetic tuned phenomenon techniques.

        Material structure inspection, detection and localization techniques.

        Clear water and generally environmental research techniques

 

1.3.4 Other Systems (Environmental , Health, Safety, Historical)

        Recognition of low flinging birds 3-level articular electronic system.

        Buried Ancient Ruins, Stonemasonries, Curves, Ditches, Magnetic Voids, megalithic monuments, Detection and Localization System.

        Deliverance from life danger after serious road accident, system.

        Geopathic, low frequency, magnetic fields detection & localization & relative, density -free techniques.

2 Materials Detection

2.1 Security Threats

        Explosives

        Bombs, mines, IEDs, military explosives

        Illicit substances

        Drugs

        Weapons

        Detecting these threats is an issue of extreme importance

        Terrorism acts, drug trafficking => danger to human life

        Elaborate disguise techniques (luggage, suits, cars, Buried)

        Wide variety of different materials

 

There are only but a few technologies word wide for material detection. Especially for explosives detection most effective are shown bellow

2.2 Detection Technologies

Important factors:

        Portability, cost, sensitivity, accuracy, ease of use, single/multi category, (un)controlled environment, scan rate

 

        Typical Detection Technologies:

Trace detection

X-ray (widely used)

Canine detection

Novel & Experimental technologies

Paramagnetism (Appendix A.7)

_ Laser (Appendix A.8)

2.3 Sensors & Technology in materials detection, worldwide

 

 

 

 

Close Range Metal Detector Technology

 


Metal detectors transmit electromagnetic waves that reflect on a land mine and return. The distance they detect from is very small.

 

 


The typical depth of a buried land mine is approximately 10 -20 cm.


But after long time weather conditions (sandstorms, heavy rain etc) the depth might be varied to many centimeters more...

 

3. Kyklotron Ltd Sensors & Technology in material detection

Material detection is done based on the Magnetic tuned phenomenon, a technology that detects all common nitrogen based explosives (including ammunition), potassium chlorine - based explosives and liquid explosives from 5 to > 20.000 meters distance.

Furthermore, Kyklotrons technologies are able to detect human bodies and dirty bombs (Uranium wastes). WMTS technology is certified by 4 patents, owned by Kyklotron Ltd.

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


WMTS is the tech that KYKLOTRON engines realized. Explosives detection based on the Magnetic tuned phenomenon, a tech that detects all common nitrogen based explosives (including ammunition) and also liquid explosives from a distance from 5 to > 20000 meters.

KYKLOTRON E4 INS   system: 

                      Has Alternating Electromagnetic Signals that creating Magnetic Fields.

                      Has antenna rotated by the user holding the system, creating Angular Momentum.

                      Depending on the creating Magnetic Fields, different types of Explosives and humans can be detected.

                      When the user is trying to move the antenna  out of the direction (line) of the explosive, magnetic tune * is experienced and detection is achieved.  

KYKLOTRON E4 INS detectors operation is based on the ATTRACTION created by the particular explosive substance on the antenna of the system.  This phenomenon is based on the magnetic tune phenomenon between the explosive and the KYKLOTRON E4 INS systems antenna . When trying to take out the antenna from the magnetic field, the user experiences difficulty. Magnetic Tune is experienced on the antenna.  The magnetic tune is detected. When antenna stops and point to a direction then the user knows that detection is done. 

Using the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system, a new operational dimension is given to the ability to localize explosive explosives from any (pin point, medium or long distance). This way, large areas can be cleaned from explosives. Measurements with the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system have to be taken from two points for locating the explosives. From the first point, measurement gives the direction (line) where explosives are located. From the second point, measurement (line) gives the location that explosives are located. The location is where the second measurement line, crosses the first measurement line.  From a third point, measurement (line) confirms the location of the explosives.

The lines of direction from the three (or more) measurement points must be projected on a Map environment (GIS system depending on coordinates and no on map pixels) for better understanding of what is detected. Known location areas of Military bases, already shown on the Map can be excluded from the search. 

In case of magnetic tuned appliance (KYKLOTRON E4 INS ) those radiofrequencies, emitted by the various cores of (hydrogen, coal, Nitrogen, Cl etc) the explosive that is searched, creates a magnetic field (98) which the resultant  (93) tuned with the resultant of a magnetic field created from : (FIGURE 4)

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 1. The magnetic field of the appliance  it shelf (22)

2. The magnetic field emitted from the appliance operators (102) body (97)

3. The magnetic field that created from the initial (96) impulse (movement) of the appliance antenna (15 & 71)  in the horizontal level.

In the magnetic tuned phenomenon, finally, actively participates earths magnetic field (103) and any other capable to influence and to tune with the above, magnetic field   happens to exist in the environment space, as drops of rain, humidity, underground waters etc. Tuned our magnetic tuned appliance to the frequency of some core precession, it resembles with our radio tuned in some radio or television stations emission frequency.

Magnetic tuned occurs at cores as Nitrogen (a chemical element that has the symbol N, atomic number of 7 and atomic mass 14.00674 u) , Cl ( Element Symbol is Cl, atomic number is 17, and atomic mass is 35.453) ,  and others. As a result KYKLOTRON E4 INS systems detects all common nitrogen based explosives (including ammunition) and potassium chlorine - based explosives,  

In next FIGURES appears the phenomenon of explosive structures magnetic tune, as it is controlled repeated (that is to say lasts as long as the emission radiation from the appliance lasts) from the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system.

 During the  cores -relaxation process from the explosive that `bombers' each time by the appliance and operators  radiation    who participates actively in the experiment - the cores system returns in the initial balance situation, with the cores to expel energy ,  emitting radiation of frequency equal with the frequency of tuned in the region of radiofrequencies and transporting part of their energy in the around molecules. The energy that expels appears to be photons, the emission of which as it is well known, creates a MAGNETIC FIELD round the explosive structure. That magnetic field draws continuously the aerials of  KYKLOTRON E4 INS appliance, revealing so much the existence and the place that the detection of explosives is found. Some photos from spectrograph represented below.

During Magnetic tuned phenomenon on KYKLOTRON E series sensors ENGINES machines a number of known phenomena take place.

Magnetic field produced from KYKLOTRON E series sensor engine travels fast in earths physical electric potential. Telluric Currents are very helpful to this fast travel photons. The CYPRUS GEOPATHETIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE (www.cgri.gr ), the research institute of Kyklotron ltd, has done a lot of work in this geoenergy flux phenomena, in corporation with Patras University in Greece.

In classical physics, EMR is considered to be produced when charged particles are accelerated by forces acting on them. Electrons are responsible for emission of most EMR because they have low mass, and therefore are easily accelerated by a variety of mechanisms. Rapidly-moving electrons are most sharply accelerated when they encounter a region of force, so they are responsible for producing much of the highest frequency electromagnetic radiation observed in nature. Quantum processes can also produce EMR, such as when atomic nuclei undergo gamma decay, and processes such as neutral pion decay.

Nuclear quadrupole * resonance  spectroscopy or NQR is a chemical analysis technique related to nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_quadrupole_resonance

Principle

In NMR, nuclei with spin ≥ 1/2 have a magnetic dipole moment so that their energies are split by a magnetic field, allowing resonance absorption of energy related to the difference between the ground state energy and the excited state. In NQR, on the other hand, nuclei with spin ≥ 1 , such as 14N, 35Cl and 63Cu, also have an electric quadrupole moment so that their energies are split by an electric field gradient, created by the electronic bonds in the local environment. Since unlike NMR, NQR is done in an environment without a static (or DC) magnetic field, it is sometimes called "zero field NMR". Many NQR transition frequencies depend strongly upon temperature.

Any nucleus with more than one unpaired nuclear particle (protons or neutrons) will have a charge distribution which results in an electric quadrupole moment. Allowed nuclear energy levels are shifted unequally due to the interaction of the nuclear charge with an electric field gradient supplied by the non-uniform distribution electron density (e.g. from bonding electrons) and/or surrounding ions. The NQR effect results when transitions are induced between these nuclear levels by an externally applied radio frequency (RF) magnetic field. The technique is very sensitive to the nature and symmetry of the bonding around the nucleus. The energy level shifts are much larger than the chemical shifts measured in NMR. Due to symmetry, the shifts become averaged to zero in the liquid phase, so NQR spectra can only be measured for solids.

 Applications

There are several research groups around the world currently working on ways to use NQR to detect explosives. Units designed to detect landmines[2] and explosives concealed in luggage have been tested. A detection system consists of a radio frequency (RF) power source, a coil to produce the magnetic excitation field and a detector circuit which monitors for a RF NQR response coming from the explosive component of the object.

Another practical use for NQR is measuring the water/gas/oil coming out of an oil well in realtime. This particular technique allows local or remote monitoring of the extraction process, calculation of the well's remaining capacity and the water/detergents ratio the input pump must send to efficiently extract oil.

The strong temperature dependence of NQR's frequency allows to make a precise temperature sensor with resolution 10-4 C[3].

References

1.   Appendix K: Nuclear quadrupole resonance, by Allen N. Garroway, Naval Research Laboratory. In Jacqueline MacDonald, J. R. Lockwood: Alternatives for Landmine Detection. Report MR-1608, Rand Corporation, 2003.

2.  Leigh, James R. (1988). Temperature measurement & control. London: Peter Peregrinus Ltd.. p. 48. ISBN 0 86341 111 8.

The detection of explosives at airports, land borders and seaports is an important area for preventing terrorism and organized crime. It forms one aspect of the general effort to prevent the transport of illicit materials, which includes also small arms, nuclear material and narcotics. A number of different methods of explosive detection have been developed in the past that can detect such material from a very small up to a very large quantity. The nitro and nitrate component of some common explosives are the base of some detection methods, the nitrogen density of common materials and explosives are represented at next slides. Many detection devices readily detect conventional explosives made of organic nitro and nitrate compounds, but fail to detect explosives made of inorganic nitrates or non-nitrogenous compounds. In particular, many nitrogen-based detection devices fail to detect explosives such as ANFO (ammonium nitrate in fuel oil), and triacetone triperoxide (TATP). (Related characteristics of some plastic and liquids explosives are presented below in the description of the new threats). The original vapor-based explosives detector is, of course, the dog, which is very effective for some purposes, but which has some serious canine factor limitations.

Characteristics of explosives

Many different types of explosive exist and certain types may be more used by particular groups or at particular times, depending on availability, information etc. Currently, a particular danger is perceived from plastic and liquid explosives. The sources from which terrorists may acquire explosives are from the military, from industry and by making them themselves. Blocking terrorist acquisition of military and industrial explosives is dependent on the rigorous following of security procedures for storage, transport and use, including careful documentation. Technology, such as radio-frequency tracking devices, may also help. Prevention of illicit fabrication of explosives is currently a subject of significant attention. The main difficulties are that precursor materials are legitimately available and in widespread use, not only by industry but even as household chemicals, and recipes have been widely disseminated via the internet.

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 


Application of Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance to Detection of Explosives and Research Activities at CIAE. Shengyun Zhu, Xing Li, Zhongcheng Lu, Guobao Wang, and Weiguo Shu China Institute of Atomic Energy P.O. Box 275-50, Beijing 102413, P.R. China (Dated: May 16, 2008). The detection of explosives is a challenging topic. The nitrogen-14 nuclear quadrupole resonance technique exploits the transitions between the energy levels split by the quadrupole interaction to detect the presence of explosives. It is a very promising new technique owing to its unambiguous detection and identification of explosives with low false alarm, high sensitivity and fast detection. The explosive screening machines based on the nitrogen-14 nuclear quadrupole resonance have been used for aviation security at airports. This paper describes the principle and application of nitrogen- 14 nuclear quadrupole resonance to detection of explosives and reviews the research activities in this domain at China Institute of Atomic Energy. II. PRINCIPLE OF 14N-NQR Table I shows the elemental composition of explosives. It can be seen that explosives contain N (the abundance of 14N is 99.634%) except KClO3.

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The charge distribution of 14N nucleus with a spin I = 1 is asymmetric. The 14N-NQR detection of explosives makes use of the electric field gradient internally generated in substances to detect the presence of explosives and acts a fingerprint identification of explosives with low false alarm, high sensitivity, fast scanning and easy operation. The 14N-NQR technique is a promising new means for and will play an important role in explosive detection.

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Resonance Techniques Explosives Detection Using Magnetic and Nuclear

 

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Explosives Detection Using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques

Jacques Fraissard and Université Pierre et Marie Curie

Ecole de Physique et Chimie Industrielles, Paris, France, Olga Lapina

Boreskov Institute on Catalysis Russian Academy of Sciences

Novosibirsk, Russia

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Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on

P.O. Box 17, 3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

79 July 2008

ISBN 978-90-481-3061-0 (PB) , ISBN 978-90-481-3062 -7 (e-book) , ISBN 978-90-481-3060-3 (HB) Explosives Detection Using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques

Library of Congress Control Number: 2009929398

St. Petersburg, Russia

 

                  Fundamentals of Pulsed Nitrogen-14 Quadrupole Resonance.

                  14N NQR Detection of Explosives with Hybrid Sensors

                  Polarization Enhanced NQR Detection at Low Frequencies

                  Efficient Excitation and Ringing Suppression in Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance

                  Detection of Concealed Liquid Explosives and Illicit Drugs in Unopened Bottles

                  Prospectives and Limitations of NQR Signal Enhancement by Polarisation Transfer

                  Modeling of QR Sensors for Optimized Explosives Detection Detection of Explosives by NQR Method: Main Aspects for Transport Security

                  Double Resonance Detection of (Mainly Nitrogen) NQR Frequencies in Explosives and Drugs

                  14N Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Signals in Paranitrotoluene and Trinitrotoluene. Spin-Lock Spin-Echo off-resonance Effects

                  Identification of Liquids Encountered in Carry-on-Luggage by Mobile NMR

                  The Two-Frequency Multipulse Sequence in Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance of N-14 Nuclei.

                  The Detection of Industrial Explosives by the Quadrupole Resonance Method: Some Aspects of the Detection of Ammonium Nitrate and Trinitrotoluene

                  Signal Processing Methods in NQR

                  Development of Electric Field NMR Signal Acquisition System

                  Berrys Phase in NQR of Powders

                  Contribution of Copper NQR Spectroscopy to the Geological Studies of Complex Sulfides and Oxides

 

High explosives consist of an intimate mixture of oxidant and reductant, either within a single molecule, such as nitroglycerin, pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN), trinitrotoline (TNT), or triacetone triperoxide (TATP), or within an ionic solid, such as ammonium nitrate, when mixed with fuel oil. Mixtures of high explosives are frequently used. For example, Semtex is a blend of cyclomethylenetrinitramine (RDX) and PETN. In theory the problem of mine detection should be the easiest one because, despite the fact that there are hundreds of mine types, only a few explosive types are used.

 

However, many high-tech approaches have proven not totally satisfactory. (Because the explosives are often hermetically sealed in the mine, or because of other nitrogen-containing materials in the ground?). Next Figure provides a useful overview, albeit non-exhaustive, of current Bulk and Trace explosive detection technologies of interest.

The necessity to provide definitive yes or no answers about the presence of explosives has led to interest in using tools that offer chemical-specific identification of explosive materials.

To this end, researchers have turned their attention to spectroscopic techniques.

 

What are the theoretical advantages of NQR?

 

This technique can be compared to NMR, but the main difference is that a magnet is not required. Therefore the NQR technique is relatively inexpensive and more compact. In NQR, as in NMR, a radio-frequency pulse excites transitions between polarized nuclear spin states. However, unlike NMR, these polarized states are not created via an externally applied magnetic field, but rather they are a result of purely intramolecular electronic forces. Specifically, the nuclear quadrupole moment, which only arises in nuclei that are non-spherical (spin quantum number > 1/2), interacts with the electric field gradient from the molecules electron cloud, forming non-degenerate spin orientations. Since nitrogen-14 is a quadrupole-active nucleus, this technique is feasible for explosives detection applications.

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The selectivity of NQR is considerable since the electric field gradient depends exclusively on the sight-symmetry the nucleus finds itself in with respect to the valence electrons. Therefore, the exact resonance frequency is extremely dependent on molecular geometry and, thus, peaks can occur across a very wide range. Even chemically equivalent nuclei can have distinct peak positions due to crystal packing geometries. For instance, the three ring nitrogens in RDX show three distinct NQR frequencies corresponding to +, − and 0 transitions (about 100 kHz apart from each other). The NQR frequency is insensitive to long range variations in composition,

therefore it does not change in physical mixture of the explosive with other materials such as the plasticizers in plastic explosives. The NQR signal strength varies linearly with the amount of explosive present, and is independent of the explosive distribution within the detection volume. The NQR method can provide automated detection of explosives types in configurations missed by the imaging x-ray method. Therefore combining NQR with existing x-ray systems can provide improved scope for the checkpoint detection of explosive threats.

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


References

 

1. "Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance", T.P. Das and E.L. Hahn, Chapter in Solid State

Physics, Suppl.l, Academic Press, New York, 1958.

2. Abragam, The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism, Clarendon Press, 1961

3. "Steady State Free Precession in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance," H.Y. Carr, Physical

Review, 112, 1693-1701, 1958.

4. "Nitrogen-14 NQR Study of Energetic Materials," R.A.Marino, R.F. Connors, and

L.Leonard (Block Engineering), Final Report to on U.S.Army Research Office

Contract DAAG29 79 C 0025, September 1982.

5. "Multiple Spin Echoes in Pure Quadrupole Resonance," R.A. Marino and S.M.

Klainer, Journal of Chemical Physics, 67,3388-3389, 1977.

6. "Explosives Detection by Pure 14N NQR", A.N. Garroway, J.B. Miller and M.L.

Buess, Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Explosive Detection

Technology, November 13-15,1991, Atlantic City, USA.

7. "Pulsed Spin Locking in Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance of 14N," D.Ya. Osokin,

Soviet Physics. JETP, 57(1), 69-71, 1983.

8. "Experimental Investigations of the Strong Off-Resonant Comb (SORC) Pulse

Sequence in 14N NQR," S.S.Kim, J.R.P.Jayakody, and R.A. Marino, Zeitshrift fur

Naturforschung, 47a, 415-420, 1992.

9. "Pulsed Fourier Transform NQR of 14N with a DC SQUID," M.D.Hurlimann,

C.H.Pennington, N.Q.Fan, J.Clarke, A.Pines, and E.L.Hahn, Physical Review Letters,

69, 684-687, 1992.

10. "SQUID Technology for Improved NMR/NQR Measurements Below 1MHz,"

Quantum Magnetics, Final Report on NSF Award 9160966, September 29, 1992.

11. "Librational Motion of Hexahydro-l,3,5-trinitro-s-triazine Based on the Temperature

Dependence of Nitrogen-14 Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectra: The

Relationship to Condensed-Phase Thermal Decomposition," R.J. Karpowicz and

T.B.Brill, Journal of Physical Chemistry, 87, 2109-2112, 1983.

12. "Detection of Explosives by Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR)." A.N.

Garroway, J.B. Miller, J.P. Yesinowski, and M.L. Buess, Naval Research Laboratory,Final Report on Contract NEODTC N0464A92WR04515, FAA DTFA03-83-A-

00322, March 26 1993.

13. "Electronic Effects and Molecular Motion in ß-Octahydro-l,3,5,7-tetranitro-l,3,5,7- tetrazocine Based on 14N Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy,"

A.G.Landers, T.B.Brill, and R.A. Marino, Journal of Physical Chemistry, 85, 2618- 2643, 1981.

14. "Nitrogen-14 Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance of Substituted Nitrobenzenes," S.N.Subbarao, E.G. Sauer, and P.J.Bray, Physics Letters, 42A, 461, 1973.

15. "Nitrogen-14 Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Study of Substituted Nitrobenzenes,"S.N. Subbarao and P.J.Bray, Journal of Chemical Physics, 67(9), 3947-55, 1977.

16. "14N and 39K Nuclear Quadrupole Coupling in KN03," T.J. Barstow and S.N.

Stewart, Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung, 45a, 459-463, 1990.

17. "14N NQR Study of the Structural Phase Transitions in NH4NO3," J.Seliger, V.Zagar,

and RBlinc, Zeitschrift fur Physik B, Condensed Matter, 77, 439-443, 1989.

18. Private communication, R.A.Marino, Hunter College, CUNY, NY, September 1994.

19. "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of 14N and 35C1 in Ammonium Perchlorate," T.J.

Barstow and S.N. Stewart, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 1,4649-4657,

1989.

20. "Nitrogen-14 and Nitrogen-15 Wide-Line NMR Studies of Nitrocellulose," R.A.

Marino, Final Technical Report for Task 7-09, Department of Army, 30 October

1987.

21. "Detection of NQR in Explosives," V.S. Grechishkin, Russian Journal of Physics,

35(7), English Pages 637-640, 1992. Translation of Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnyykh

Zavedenii, Fizika, No.7, pp.62-65, July 1992.

22. Private Communication, T.J. Rayner, July 1994.

23. "Engineering Design Handbook: Explosives Series, Properties of Explosives of

Military Interest," U.S. Army Materiel Command, January 1971.

 

Other Relevant QR Papers Not Referenced

1. "Detection of Explosives and Narcotics by Low Power Large Sample Volume

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR)", M.L. Buess, A.N. Garroway and J.B. Miller,

U.S. Patent 5206592..

2. "Detection of Explosives by Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance," M.L. Buess, J.B.

Miller, and A.N. Garroway, U.S. Patent 5233300.

3. "A Means for Removing Effects of Acoustic Ringing and Reducing the Temperature

Effects in the Detection of Explosives and Narcotics by Nuclear Quadrupole

Resonance," M.L. Buess, A.N. Garroway, and J.P. Yesinowski, Navy Case Number

74,325 (filed 30 Nov. 1992).

4. "Narcotics Detection using Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance," J. Shaw, Contraband

and Cargo Inspection Technology International Symposium, Washington D.C., 28-30

October 1992.

5. "A Search for NQR Signals in Heroin and Cocaine," R.A. Marino and J.R.P.

Jayakody, Final Technical Report on subcontract to Quantum Magnetics under US

Customs contract TC-91-031.

6. "NQR for Bomb Detection: Solution to the Plastics Problem ?" D. Noble, Analytical

Chemistry, 66 (5), 320A - 324A, March 1 1994.

7. "Explosives Detection by Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR)," A.N. Garroway,

M.L. Buess, J.P. Yesinowski, J.B.Miller, and R.A. Krauss, Report on results of

demonstration of prototype NQR explosives detector at FAA Technical Center in

May 1994..

8. "NQR Device for Detecting Plastic Explosives, Mines, and Drugs," V.S. Grechishkin,

Applied Physics, A55, 505-507, 1992.

9. "Short Range Remote NQR Measurments," T. Hirschfeld and S.M. Klainer, Journal

of Molecular Structure, 58, 63-77, 1980.

10. "A Pulsed NQR-FFT Spectrometer for Nitrogen-14," J.C.Harding, D.A.Wade, R.A.

Marino, E.G.Sauer, and S.M.Klainer, Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 36,21-33,

1979.

11. "New Methods of Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance," V.S. Grechishkin and N.Ja.

Sinjavsky, Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung, 45a, 559, 1990.

 

3.1 Kyklotrons Ltd WMTS Technological background

This invention was certified as a method and materialized in a system applied after many years of experimentation, applying modern technologies such as microelectronics, morphogenetic fields and theory about creation of magnetic nodes on material structure.

 

After many years of experimenting it was observed that the components of concrete and absolutely material structures return concrete measurable frequencies when receive electromagnetic emission, which is totally different for each material structure (frequency and wave length).

 

As investigated by our spectrum analysts, concrete and absolutely distinguishable for each material structure, emitted from the system, frequencies which interact with the particular electromagnetic field, creating a magnetic node in the material structure, following figure, accordingly to the magnetic nodes theory.

 

The aforementioned electromagnetic node automatically emits electromagnetic helical waves whenever it receives an input. This response is continuous for the time that it accepts the incoming radiation of a known frequency, which is then collected by the metal aerials of KYKLOTRON sensor, following figure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.1.1 Description of the KYKLOTRON E4 INS sensor:

 

Using a pulse generator (1) the sensor emits electromagnetic waves (19) of a specified wave length via metal antennas (14) and (16), scanning parametrically a 1000 meters radical area. If in that area exists a quantity of a particular explosive material (18) up to 8 meters depth in the soil, with bigger or equal than pound of TNT (strongly common explosive matter) or any other material structure, our sensor has the ability to compare the frequency of the reflected electromagnetic waves (20) and after their partial filtering in the particular explosive material (18) in which they prostrated subsequent to the emission from the system. Then the metal narrow scanning beam aerial (15) is automatically directed (29) in the particular explosive substance (18), providing the precise direction to the operator of the system.

The operator then moves to the direction (24) in which the aerial is directed (where the explosive matter exists), dragging the light weighted system of aerials (13) that is moved freely on a horizontal axis, turned because inactivity to the direction of (24) the explosive matter position. Detection is done by the continuous movement of the user to the system antennas direction. The operation is based on the magnetic attraction that the particular explosive substance (18) creates in the aerial of (15) our system, a phenomenon that is based on the magnetic node creation on the `bombard' material from the harmless electromagnetic radiation which emitted by our system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2 W.M.T.S. ( Wave-shooting Magnetic Tuned Systems) technology in KYKLOTRON E4 INS Sensors

As mentioned before, WMTS is the technology that KYKLOTRON engines use. Explosives detection is based on the Magnetic tuned phenomenon, a technology that detects all common nitrogen based explosives (including ammunition) from 5 to > 20000 meters distance.

 

 

 

 

A KYKLOTRON E4 INS Sensors System (on a moving car)

 

3.2.1 The KYKLOTRON E4 INS SENSOR System

        Has Alternating Electromagnetic Signals that create Magnetic Fields.

        Has a small antenna holding on a ring on a steady axon, rotated by itself, creating Angular Momentum.

        Depending on the creation of Magnetic Fields, different types of Explosives, narcotics, humans, etc can be detected.

        When the tuning with the target trying to move the antenna out of the direction (line) of the target (explosive, etc) magnetic tune * occurs and detection is achieved.

 

 

 

KYKLOTRON E4 INS operation is based on the attraction created by the particular explosive substance on the antenna of the system. This phenomenon is based on the magnetic tune phenomenon between the explosive and the KYKLOTRON E4 INS systems antenna.

Magnetic Tune is expressed on the antenna. When the antenna stops and point to a specific direction then the KYKLOTRON E4 INS embedded computing system knows that detection is done.

 

 

3.2.2 KYKLOTRON E4 INS SENSOR SYSTEM IN A GLANCE

 

          SENSOR (A) ROTATING AROUND AN AXON (B) HOLDING BY A RING (C)

          WHEN A TARGET (D) IS BEEN ON SENSORS (A) RANGE, THEN THE SENSOR IS TUNING WITH TARGET AND TURNING (E) TO THE TARGET (D).

          THEN A SPECIFIC SIGNAL IS SEND TO THE KYKLOTRON E4 INS COMPUTING SYSTEM.

          THE KYKLOTRON E4 INS COMPUTING SYSTEM LOCATES THE KYKLOTRON E4 INS SENSOR GLOBAL POSITION (IN A GIS SYSTEM COORDINATES ON A DIGITAL MAP) AND SENSOR DIRECTION TO THE TARGET.

           

KYKLOTRON E4 INS SENSOR WORKING ON A UAV / DRONE / MOVING VEHICLE :

 

          IN THE NEXT POSITION OF THE PLANES COURSE, ANOTHER SIGNAL TRANSMITTED ON THE KYKLOTRON E4 INS COMPUTING SYSTEM (F) FROM THE SENSOR (A).

          THE COMPUTING SYSTEM (F) ESTIMATES THE TWO TARGET DIRECTIONS (E) AND AUTOMATICALLY ESTIMATES TARGETS (D) POSITION (TARGET IN ON THE CROSS OF THE TWO DIRECTIONS) .

 

TARGET DIRECTION (KYKLOTRON E4 INS IS WORKING ON A STEADY POSITION)

 

          A SIGNAL TRANSMITTED ON THE KYKLOTRON E4 INS COMPUTING SYSTEM FROM THE SENSOR.

          THE COMPUTING SYSTEM ESTIMATES THE TARGET DIRECTION AND AUTOMATICALLY SEND A SIGNAL TO THE CONTROL CENTER AND TO THE CONTROL ALARM POSITION.

 

TARGET POSITION (KYKLOTRON E4 INS WORKING ON A STEADY POSITION)

 

          BY USING A PAIR (TWO) OF KYKLOTRON E4 INS SENSORS WORKING NEAR , SIGNALS FROM TARGET FOUND SEND IN A COMPUTER SERVER AND AUTOMATICALLY FROM THE TWO TARGET DIRECTIONS A SERVER APPLICATION COMPUTES IN SECONDS THE TARGET POSITION IN A GIS ENVIRONMENT

 

 

By using the DRONES EWS and KYKLOTRON E4 INS system, a new operational dimension is given, that is the ability to localize explosive explosives from any point (pin point, medium or long distance). This way, large areas can be cleaned from explosives.

 

Measurements with the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system need to be taken from two points for locating the explosives. From the first point, measurement gives the direction (line) where explosives are located and from the second point, a measurement (line) gives the location that the explosives are located. The location is where the second measurement line, crosses the first measurement line. From a third point, measurement (line) confirms the location of the explosives.

The direction of the lines of the three (or more) measurement points must be projected on a map environment (GIS system depending on geo coordinates and not on map pixels) for better understanding of where the target is. Known location areas such as Military bases, or places that explosives installed already shown on the Map can be excluded from the search.

An example is shown here, using land mines as a material to detect.

3.2.3 Using DRONES EWS method

A typical plan includes 2 KYKLOTRON E4 INS systems (K1 - K2), controlled by a computer server (K3). 4 Land mines (1,2,3,4) are buried in depth in the sand.

 

 

The two KYKLOTRON E4 INS are scanning at the same time from two different locations. When a target is detected systems press a virtual button and then a point is drawn in the DRONES EWS controller server where the two lines cross. The exact point of landmine 1 is recorded in the DRONES EWS digital database by its longitude and latitude coordinates.

 

 

The two KYKLOTRON E4 INS can detect a new target now. When the new target has been detected, systems use the same method as before and a new point is saved into the DRONES EWS controller server. The exact point of landmine 2 is recorded by its longitude and latitude coordinates.

 

 

 

The two KYKLOTRON E4 INS systems systems are able to detected new targets using the same technique as before, see the following figures.

 

 

 

Using this simple method all land mines are recorded in accuracy and the demining phase is only a matter of time.

 

3.3 D.R.O.N.E.S. * EWS methodology - Detection and Localization using WMTS Systems

 * (Detection and Recording ON Every Space)

 

As Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) deliver a disproportional effect and high collateral damage, have become the signature weapon of international terrorism. For reduce major threat to political stability worldwide we develop KYKLOTRON E4 INS series that offers remotely finding and localization of any known explosive from minimum range to long distance. Explosive detection based on the Magnetic tuned phenomenon, a tech that detects all common nitrogen based explosives (including ammunition),  potassium chlorine-based explosives and liquid explosives. Designed to do a quick and efficient survey of any material structures in distances from 0 to > 20.000 meters. , setting aside every similar substance. By the use of DRONES EWS , a Kyklotron's Ltd registered patent * GR20070100067/2008-09-19 method, targets located and represented on a Geographical Information System environment. DRONES EWS is a fully C4ISR system, giving to chief of operations the ability to remotely control and monitoring operations in real time and could   PROTECT an area (city railway station port airport bus station building camp etc) in minimum time from commercial or non-commercial (hand-made) explosives, IDEs, Boodytraps, improvised incendiaries, mines, any Trap that embedded explosives, any military ammunition in ground, on a range over 20000 meters, or even underground and deep into the water or sea.

 

 

 

 

DRONES EWS is an operational (strategic or tactical) system  (using two or more systems mobile, immobile or combination, shown as yellow and blue humans on the next picture) detecting and electronically recording on a computer the precise specific localisation of distinguishable explosives from long distance (over 20.000 metres). The exact point (shown as a blue circle on the next picture) of located explosives  on the ground or surface of sea, in real time recorded in a digital geographic background (GIS) data base, on KYKLOTRON E4 INS controller server screen (shown as the cross of the two green lines on the next picture).

DRONES EWS makes the invisible follow-up and by distance digital recording of various terrorism teams and enemies moves possible ! The use of DRONES EWS can solve most nowadays serious problems as that of automatic recording of minefields, suspect spaces of scatter extemporary explosive systems, not note down minefields and many others. Also can detect and automatic record (geographical coordinates taking automatically from a GPS) sea mines, radiological-chemical-nuclear-biological explosive structures, dangerous substances, narcotics from long distances, even living humans under ground, up to 25 meters into the ground.  Systems of DRONES EWS do not enter in a minefield to note down the exactly position of land mines,  working regionally in the perimeter, digital recording mines with safety to a limit of 20.000 metres of the frond end of minefield. One or more KYKLOTRON E4 INS systems (1, 2, 3 or more systems mobile immobile (on foot) or combination mobile and immobile systems ) scanning a territory searching for distinguishable explosives from long distance (over 20.000 meters). As an example see next pictures. x1, x2, x3  are 3 systems scanning using KYKLOTRON E4 INS . system the area to be protected (included in the 4 red lines).  x1, x2, x3  systems scanning continuously inside the protected area (included in red lines).

The direction each user (X1, x2, x3 ) pointing by the antenna of KYKLOTRON E4 INS . system writing  as a color line on a territory digital map in DRONES EWS system.  

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

x1, x2, x3  systems can not see other systems antenna direction ( this means that antenna attracted from one target, explosives as an example) , but a super user KYKLOTRON E4 INS controller -  can see every antenna direction and KYKLOTRON E4 INS on his computer screen, on a digital map.  

 

e3drams 3a drams2lines

 

This because a,b,c,d KYKLOTRON E4 INS  systems are connected in a 3G VPN  (or other connective tech) communication network.  Every user knows what himself and the other systems searching.  In every user computer screen appeared the point that he stands and the line that his system antenna points.

The exact point of located explosive on the ground or surface of sea in real time recorded in a digital Geographical Information System  (GIS) data base.     

              

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A typical DRONES EWS module (user ->controller ->coordinator & headquarters)

 

The same icon transmitted by a common 3G (or any other communication system private or military or common) network to any other computer installed in a command and control center, or at any other computer existing in a vehicle, or a mobile command and control center.

This real time, tactical picture, can easily represent on a big screen of a command and control center , making KYKLOTRON E4 INS system a full C4ISR system.

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The exact point of located explosive on the ground or surface of sea in real time recorded in a digital Geographical Information System  (GIS) data base. At the same icon transmitted by a common 3G (or any other communication system private or military or common) network to any other computer installed in a command and control center, or at any other computer existing in a car or a mobile command and control center.

This real time, tactical picture, can easily represent on a big screen of a command and control center , making KYKLOTRON E4 INS  system a full  C4ISR system. When using the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system to detect explosives it is not clear if a small quantity of explosive is detected near by or if a bigger quantity is detected further away. In order to detect that, different measurements have to be taken from different angles of detection. The points where at least 2 lines are crossing is where explosive is located.

The points where the measurements (Angles of Detection) will be taken, must be carefully chosen. Every Angle of Detection must be further examined from different locations, and from different angles of detection, in order to have at least 2 lines crossing. This way the location of the explosive is specified.

 

computericon

 

 All these are better visualized, organized and planed with KYKLOTRON ltds DRONES EWS software environment while using the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system. The KYKLOTRON E4 INS system sends the Position of where the measurements are taken as well as the Angles of Detection to the DRONES EWS software. The DRONES EWS software plots on a map environment the Position of where the measurements are taken and the angles of Detection from that point. After taking measurements from different Positions, the locations where 2 or more lines are crossing are seen on the Map.  

 

e3drams4

 

 

 

 

When using the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system to detect explosives it is not clear if a small quantity of explosive is detected near by or if a bigger quantity is detected further away. In order to detect that, different measurements have to be taken from different angles of detection. The points where at least 2 lines are crossing is where explosive is located.  

 

The points where the measurements (Angles of Detection) will be taken, must be carefully chosen. Every Angle of Detection must be further examined from different locations, and from different angles of detection, in order to have at least 2 lines crossing. This way the location of the explosive is specified.  

 

All these are better visualized, organized and planed with DRONES EWS software, an environment while using the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system. The KYKLOTRON E4 INS system sends the Position of where the measurements are taken as well as the Angles of Detection to the DRONES EWS Software. The DRONES EWS software plots on a map environment the Position of where the measurements are taken and the angles of Detection from that point. After taking measurements from different Positions, the locations where 2 or more lines are crossing are seen on the Map.

 

Every KYKLOTRON E4 INS system) is interfaced with a computer, using embedded GPS (Global Positioning System) and embedded sensors (Magnetometer and magnetic Compass).

 

 There is also a Computer server (laptop or tower, or desktop) for the C4ISR super user that controls the KYKLOTRON E4 INS available. KYKLOTRON E4 INS systems communicates with the C4ISR super users Computer (server).   When the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system detects explosive, then the Angle of Detection is sent from the compass of the System to the Computer through the communications channel.

 

The communications channel can be selected to wireless GSM Connection (CELLULAR NETWORK GSM 850/900/1800/1900 (FREQUENCY/BAND) UMTS 850/1900/2100, Band I, II & V). Also available CONNECTIVITY Wi-Fi (802.11b/g), Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR, 3G and assisted GPS.

 

 The computer which is located on the system, and has the GPS connected to it, plots the line from the current Position (given by the GPS) towards the angle of Detection sent by the compass of the system

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

DRONES EWS Modules   Operation   in   action

e3drams    2

 

Increasing  the  PROTECTION  safety   levels

e3drams5

DRONES EWS modules implementation

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e3drams8

MODULAR DRONES EWS CORPORATION

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


In figure above.

 

DRONES EWS system using 6 KYKLOTRON E sensors (k1,- 6) for 360 degrees protection area of a 60 Km diameter. At the figure below. DRONES EWS system using 3 KYKLOTRON E sensors (k1,- 2,-3) for 360 degrees protection area. A vision of the DRONES EWS controller computer screen. Controller is shown and the three lines antennas of K1-K2-K3 sensors systems (black lines) on screen. Controller coordinates and controls the 3 systems of the system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

In figure above. DRONES EWS planning zones estimation for multiple level protection ( 3 protection levels )  

 

 

In figure above. DRONES EWS Controllers estimation planning ( 3 controller levels )  

 

 

In figure above. Defined the meaning of protection areas in DRONES EWS method  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DRONES EWS Incorporation   among   headquarters e3drams12

 

e3drams13

 

 

Why D.R.O.N.E.S. is a C4ISR   tech  

Command and Control,  is the commander authority for administration  and directions provision to his armed forces to   implement   their mission.
dr18

A more completed AND MODERN system of Command, Control and Administration (C4ISR)  includes:

 

 

enya4

 

A.    BATTLE   FIELD   MONITORING

 

 

 

enya9

 

B.   COMMAND AND CONTROL PROCESSES  

 

enya10

C.      COMMUNICATIONS

 

enya11

 

D.   THE MICROELECTRONICS MULTISENSORING  REAL TIME SYSTEMS (BATTLE  AND OTHER SENSORS )  

 

 

enya12

 

E. THE  COMMAND AND CONTROL INTERACTIVE  ELECTRONIC CENTERS

 

enya16

 

Like all typical C4ISR systems, DRONES EWS system makes possible the command, control and administration, in real time, from one or more electronic command and control INTERACTIVE centers, under a modern graphic representation environment  of all in use electronic sensors (military, civil administration , rescue, civil protection , other)  by adding a number of modern real time technological KYKLOTRON E4 INS sensors, the technology and patent rights we represent worldwide.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Product Family

As Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) deliver a disproportional effect and high collateral damage, have become the signature weapon of international terrorism. For reducing major threats to political stability worldwide we develop KYKLOTRON E4 INS series that offers remotely detection and localization of any known explosive from a long distance. Explosive detection is based on the magnetic tuning phenomenon, a technology that detects all common nitrogen based explosives (including ammunition).

 

 

Designed to do a quick and efficient survey of any material structures in distances from 0 to > 20.000 meters, setting aside every similar substance. By using DRONES EWS , a Kyklotron's patented method, targets are located and represented on a Geographical Information System environment. DRONES EWS is a full C4ISR system, giving to chief of operations the ability to remotely control and monitor operations in real time offering the following capabilites.

 

         Clean an area (city railway station port airport bus station building camp etc) from explosives.

         Protect an area 24 hours a day (city railway station port airport bus station building camp etc) from explosives.

         Search, Detect and Localize commercial or non-commercial (hand-made) explosives, IDEs, any Trap that embedded explosives, any military ammunition in ground, on a range over 20000 meters, or even underground and deep into the water or sea.

The ability to find material structures as explosives, metals, non metals, living or dead humans, clear water, and many other things is now a reality. This systems integrate elements regarding WMTS and are pre-tuned with certain material structures as explosives, drugs and others. Using WMTS for tuned materials with a high sensitivity, the KYKLOTRON E4 INS systems can detect from short distances 0-500 meters every pre-tuned material. It enables the device to overcome any known attempts to disguise the substance or target or hiding and identification of that substance or substances. In ideal conditions range can reach over 6.000 m for amounts about 10 kg dynamite or 100kg of AMFO or other kind of explosives or drugs.

KYKLOTRON E4 INS detects and localizes Explosives in long distances. The KYKLOTRON E4 INS system accurately detects mines, weapons, RPGS, stinger missiles, explosive systems, mortar shells, nuclear projectiles, projectiles, antitank weapons, hashish, cocaine, heroine, amphetamine, ecstasy etc. The system detects explosives in distances ranging from few meters to several kilometers, depending on the quantity of explosives, in a radius covering 360 degrees and in depths more than 8 meters under soil, water or in the sea. KYKLOTRON E4 INS detects explosives in open terrain, behind walls, barriers, buildings, hills, inside vehicles and metal containers, etc. KYKLOTRON E4 INS is a system that can be used at Operations Level. KYKLOTRON ltd advanced KYKLOTRON E4 INS technology is the only system that exists today that accurately detects explosives in long distances > 20.000 meters. KYKLOTRON E4 INS is the ultimate tool for cleaning large areas fast. KYKLOTRON E4 INS sends to a Computer Map the direction and location where the Explosives or are located. Cosmetics, glycerin products, salts, metals and dirty environment do not influence the accuracy of explosives detection. Electromagnetic transmission and radiation does not interfere and does not affect the operation and accuracy of the KYKLOTRON E4 INS system. Other explosives detection systems although they promise to detect in long ranges are not accurate even in short distances. The systems that use high power x and radiation, work only in very short distances, a few meters, and actually take a picture of the inside of a container or a luggage.

4.1 Portable explosives localization devices

4.1.1 Kyklotron E4 INS Long Distance Remote Detection & Localization of Explosives

 

Designed to do a quick and efficient survey of material structures in distances from 0 to > 20.000 meters, setting aside every similar substance. KYKLOTRON 'E4' INS uses DRONES EWS (a Kyklotron Ltd registered patent) method to locate the target and represent the explosive location on a GIS (Geographical Information System) environment. DRONES EWS is a fully C4ISR system, giving to director of operations the ability to remotely control and monitoring operations in real time.

 

1. GR1004926 /2005-06-30 IPC: G01N23/20; G01N23/20; (IPC1-7): G01N23/20r

2. GR1005224 /2006-06-13 IPC:G01V3/12;G01N23/20;G01S17/66 (+3)

3. GR20060100352 /2008-02-05 IPC: G01V3/12; G01N23/20; G01S17/66; (+3)

4. GR20070100067/2008-09-19 IPC: G01V3/14; G01V3/14 EC: G01V3/14

 

The KYKLOTRON E4 INS system mainly consists of a PAD display thatch screen (4) and o box on top, a chassis handle (1) with embedded electronic parts (the KYKLOTRON engine), and the control Unit (3). An antenna is attached on a sensor base (7) above the KYKLOTRON engine (1).

 

 

 

 

KYKLOTRON INS sensor series (could be fully automated, an-manned sensors). The INS sensors could be installed at every place, at every station, on vehicles, any ware. By the use of those sensors the Corridor Project (see Appendix 6.6) could be take place. The Corridor Project is not a simple early warning system

 

By the use of those sensors the Corridor Project (see Appendix 6) could be take place. The Corridor Project is not a simple early warning system but and a trap for anyone that carries explosives and narcotics. Is a huge project that every company in the world tries to develop for years now. The CORRIDOR PROJECT is a Kyklotron patent. Operationally in final research phase.

 

5. Operational Benefits

 

DRONES EWS is a worldwide unique Early Warning System, that no company except Kyklotron ltd can offer this moment. DRONES EWS is a Kyklotron Ltd registered patent GR20070100067/2008-09-19 method, targets located and represented on a Geographical Information System environment. DRONES EWS is a fully C4ISR system, giving to chief of operations the ability to remotely control and monitoring operations in real time and could:

 

        Be a very useful tool to Clean (detect and localize in order to remove) an area (city railway station port airport bus station building camp etc) from explosives.

        Protect (detect and localize explosives in real time from a long distance) an area 24 hours a day (city port airport bus station building camp, etc) from explosives.

        Search, Detect and Localize commercial or non-commercial (hand-made) explosives, IDEs, any Trap that embedded explosives, any military ammunition in ground, on a range over 20000 meters, or even underground and deep into the water or sea.

 

Especially in military applications sector DRONES EWS offers a new operational dimension to Army, Navy, Coast Guard, Public Security Forces, Custom offices etc.

As a fully operational system, in corporation with other similar systems, could provide the ability of a faster reaction and a more accurate result to the multiple threats of the today unstable world.

Using DRONES EWS and KYKLOTRON E4 INS series sensors could detect, localize and automate record in a digital Geographical Information System Data Base :

        Gorillas and enemies commandos.

        Any kind of ammunition (missiles against airplanes, anti tank missiles, air to surface missiles, air to air missiles, surface to surface missiles, etc, rockets, land and sea mines, mortar shells, projectile weapons, torpedoes, DEs, any kind of explosives, mixtures and traps, etc).

        Not exploded projectiles.

        TANK, BMP, combat vehicles of any kind and type, weapon systems, battle ships, submarines under water.

        Ammunition depots, barracks, battle positions and stations, under ground bolt holes, under ground hidden ammunitions, etc.

 

 

At other sectors DRONES EWS offers :

 

Enables an aggressive policy ability against terrorist

Security Forces mustn't wait the killer comes to target and be destructible.  

 COULD  GO TO THEM  NOW  !!!

 Now there is no place in earth for terrorists to hide form DRONES EWS EWS.

 

Gives the ability to neutralize AREAS from explosives 

 DRONES EWS could be a very useful tool to Clean (detect and localize in order to remove) an area (city railway station port airport bus station building camp etc) from explosives. The security Forces now could control any  explosives movements. 

 

Activates tactics for huge area PROTECTION from explosives 

 DRONES EWS could give the tactic and operational advantage to monitor an area for 24 hours a day from explosives , drugs and other materials or substancesbe movements.   PETROLEUM or GAS PIPELINES are now could be more safe than ever.

 

Provides new possibilities to overcome old control tactics

Using DRONES EWS Security Forces could establish modern tactics avoiding static control methods that terrorists well know how to overcome. Security Forces dont have to expect murderers hidden behind the mound. DRONES EWS gives the ability to built an electronic FETCH all over HUGE AREAS over of an 20.000 diameter.  'STATIC CONTROL'  tactics, as 'check points'  are now a history.

 

Unique tactical surprise advantage opportunities to security forces 

Using DRONES EWS SECURITY FORCES COULD EASILY FIND and arrest the killers in their nest before they could be able to prepare and to use their murderous explosives cargo.

 

Precision in detection

The KYKLOTRON E system is not just capable of detecting explosives but can also get a very precise fix on the target. This is achieved by combining its advanced embedded computer architecture and GIS software. The systems communication is based on a fully incorporated C4ISR system.

 

Simultaneous Detection of Multiple Types of Explosives

The KYKLOTRON E systems complex, low-power, electronic architecture can be programmed to effectively detect multiple substances in a single scan by using magnetic attraction. No additional substances or materials are needed for the system to operate

Advanced Architecture

The KYKLOTRON E system is consisted of advanced embedded electronic systems. The device does not act on its own in any case and the WMTS technology is not associated in any way with techniques like radionics or radiothesia.

 

Maintenance Free

Unlike most detection systems, that require a constant supply of various parts, components and consumables (e.g. sample traps, cotton-gloves, cleaning agents etc.) the KYKLOTRON E system can be fully maintained by its Operator and requires no on-going maintenance service contracts.

 

Certification

The WMTS (Wave Shooting Magnetic Tuned Systems) technology developed by Kyklotron Ltd. is Certified by 4 Reserved Patents owned by the company.

 

Effective Detection of target materials in difficult conditions.

Without the need of special programming and time consuming procedures, the KYKLOTRON E system is designed in such way that will ignore all substance materials that could be used to hide the target materials (such as Lead) and jam the detection. It will focus on the real target only, even if the target is completely covered by such concealing materials.

 

Long Distance and Accuracy

The KYKLOTRON E system can accurately detect and track down explosives at distances from five (5) up to twenty thousand (20000) meters which makes it unique for its type.

 

Working Environment Flexibility

As its technology is based on Magnetic fields, the KYKLOTRON E system can operate in any kind of environment, indoors and outdoors. Its advanced detection capabilities will not be limited by walls, buildings, rocks, or any other natural or artificial obstructions. In fact, obstructions are very likely to enhance its detection effectiveness due to natural effects caused by magnetism and thus providing you the most efficient and guaranteed detection method there is. All common nitrogen based explosives, including ammunition and liquid state explosives WILL be tracked down accurately from long distances

Warranty

For your ease of mind, the KYKLOTRON E system comes with a two year limited warranty.

 

According to the American law 2007 on the Constitution of Application of 9 September Committee, from July 2012 will be obligatory the 100% scanning of all containers that is used for exports in the USA with marine transports before their loading in boat in port of foreigner. The European Union does not forecast the application of such meter. But why does react Europe for the meters of control in the harbors? By the use of KYKLOTRON E3 sensors, will not exist technical and organizational difficulty, that will have as result important cost from likely restriction of transactions of the European Union, or other countries that export in the USA. On the contrary will exist explicit profit regarding the safety of ports and boats and persons more generally.

 

 

 

DRONES EWS CAPABILITIES IN MILITARY SECTION

 

Kyklotron ltd developing and exclusively sails worldwide DRONES EWS .

 

DRONES EWS is an Early Warning System, based at KYKLOTRON E4 INS series sensors.

 

DRONES EWS offers a new operational dimension to Army, Navy, Coast Guard, Public Security Forces, Custom offices etc.

 

As a fully operational system, in corporation with other similar systems, could provide the ability of a faster reaction and a more accurate result to the multiple threats of the today unstable world.

 

Using DRONES EWS and KYKLOTRON E4 INS series sensors could detect, localize and automate record in a digital Geographical Information System Data Base :

 

        Gorillas and enemies commandos,

 

        Any kind of explosives and ammunitions ( missiles against airplanes, anti tank missiles, air to surface missiles, air to air missiles, surface to surface missiles, etc, rockets, land and sea mines, mortar shells, projectile weapons, torpedoes, DEs, any kind of explosives, mixtures and traps, etc) ,

 

 

        Not exploded projectiles,

 

        TANK, BMP, combat vehicles of any kind and type, weapon systems, battle ships, submarines under water

 

 

        Ammunition depots, barracks, battle positions and stations, under ground bolt holes, under ground hidden ammunitions, etc

 

         Minefields (simple or electronic) in land or sea. DRONES EWS offers the operational ability to detect and localize a minefield from long distance (some kilometers) , to detect land or sea mines spreaded (not laey in a tactical plan or layd method.

 

         Using DRONES EWS COULD PROTECT any kind of PIPELINES (petroleum pipes, gas pipes, etc), industrial areas, radio, tv and in general communication stations etc detecting explosives from distances > 20.000 m 

 

        DRONES EWS is a very good solution to the problem of long scale demining, mainly in sandy areas in the desert, where projects planned by these countries are cancelled due to the existing mines. Demining in desert is a very difficult operation for many reasons. KYKLOTRON E4 INS systems series are suitable for land mines detection and localization in huge areas, very fast, in 100%. Seeking a reliable and fast way for the detection and localization of laid land mines, for long scale demining purposes, mainly in sandy areas in the desert. Specially in a huge area, DRONES EWS system could be a very fast detection method in 100% accuracy. Cancelled projects planned by several countries due to the existing land mines now can go on. Demining in the desert can be safely done using our technology and experience. Cause the sandstorm spread and buries land mines in depths that common metal detectors cant detect, KYKLOTRON E4 INS tech seeking a reliable and fast way for the detection and localization of laid land mines, for long scale demining purposes, mainly in sandy areas in the desert. Specially in a huge area, DRONES EWS system could be a very fast detection method in 100% accuracy.

 

 

 

DRONES EWS capabilities in Security section

 

Kyklotron ltd developing and exclusively sails worldwide DRONES EWS .

 

DRONES EWS is an Early Warning System, based at KYKLOTRON E4 INS series sensors.

 

DRONES EWS offers a new operational dimension to SECURITY MEASURES for any individual person, company, public organization etc.

 

As a fully operational system, in corporation with other similar systems, could provide the ability of a faster reaction and a more accurate result to the multiple threats of the today unstable world.

 

Using DRONES EWS and KYKLOTRON E4 INS series sensors could detect, localize and automate record in a digital Geographical Information System Data Base :

 

        Any human approaching carrying ammunitions or explosives

 

        Any kind of explosive matters or ammunitions ( missiles against airplanes, anti tank missiles, air to surface missiles, air to air missiles, surface to surface missiles, etc, rockets, land and sea mines, mortar shells, projectile weapons, torpedoes, DEs, any kind of explosives, mixtures and traps, etc) ,

 

 

        Not exploded projectiles.

 

        Any kind of vehicle, boat, ship, helicopter, train, submarine under water etc that inside of it existed ammunitions or even bullets.

 

 

        Any type and kind of building, home, depot, barracks, stations, under ground bolt holes, etc that ammunitions or bullets are been hidden, even they are under ground or under water.

 

         Places trapped with any kind of explosives (simple or electronic) in land or sea. DRONES EWS offers the operational ability to detect and localize a minefield from long distance (some kilometers) , to detect land or sea IDEs spread (not laid in a tactical plan or laid method.

 

         Using DRONES EWS COULD PROTECT any kind of PIPELINES (petroleum pipes, gas pipes, etc), industrial areas, radio, tv and in general communication stations etc detecting explosives from distances > 20.000 m 

 

Except ammunition and bullets, KYKLOTRON E4 INS series sensors could detect and localize by the use of DRONES EWS , narcotics, living or dead humans, and other pre-defined material structures.

6. Evaluation

6.1 Performance

Detection Range (in tests)

        Ground level: 0 to > 20.000 meters (tests carried out in various conditions with no clear line-of-sight. Especialy in places on earth that magnetic fields are powerful as in Greece, EU )

        From Aircraft: Up to 6000 meters (4+ miles)

        Under Water: Up to 50 meters (150+ feet)

        Underground: Up to 25 meters (75 + feet)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Detection capabilities of KYKLOTRON E4 INS SENSORS

explosive system detection capability (Yes / No )

KYKOTRON E4 INS

false tuned to minerals

N

false tuned to trees & roots

N

false tuned to chalcopyrite minerals

N

false tuned to magnetic fields

N

cell phones reflaction jaming

N

parapets, walls, building, etc independent detection

Y

pin point detection

Y

Localize target

Y

Localize target and represent on GIS map

Y

is harmless to human health (x rays , etc)

N

C4ISR capabilities

Y

communication using Wi-Fi

Y

communication using Bluetooth

Y

communication using cell phone

Y

GPS embedded on search device

Y

magnetic compass embedded

Y

needs cards or explosive matterial on board

N

needs use of electrostatic gloves

N

needs human energy to work

N

detects explosive from 0-5 meters

Y

detects explosive from 0-50 meters

Y

detects explosive from 0-100 meters

Y

detects explosive from 5-100 meters

Y

detects explosive from 100-1000 meters

Y

detects explosive from 100-2000 meters

Y

detects explosive from 0-5000 meters

Y

detects explosive from 0-10.000 meters

Y

detects explosive from 0-20.000 meters

Y

detects explosive from 0 - > 20.000 meters

Y

detects in search angle > 60 degrees

Y

attracted from explosive that is opposite of the system

N

can tuned in every distinguish material structure ?

Y

 

6.2 Realization Kyklotron tech in Tests worldwide

 

KYKLOTRON 'S' official test's have recently been taken place in Doha, Qatar.

9-01-12 ISF * , Doha , Qatar success : 100%

1 target on ground, Pin point at this.

10-01-12 Qatar , military camp area , success : 100%

2 targets underground. Pin point and dig out 2 of them (200 gr ) in a 5.000 sq. meters area

11-01-12 Qatar , Border Guards , S.A. borders area success : 100%

3 targets underground in a 15.000 sq. meters area . Pin point and the 3 of them.

12-01-12 Qatar, military camp area , success : 70%

2 targets underground in a 45.000 sq. meters area . Pin point 1 and the area of the other.

 

KYKLOTRON 'S' official test's have recently been taken place in Hyderabad, India.

14-06-10 PSD* , Hyderabad area , India success : 100%

10 targets on ground, underground, on trees, carry by a man, on a car. Pin point at 10 of them.

18-06-10 GREYHOUNDs**, Hyderabad area , India success : 100%

4 targets underground. Pin point and dig out 3 of them (1KG of TNT, 2 Grenades, quantity of plastic explosions into a car) , 2 meters from target at the 4th (30-34 bullets). in a 25.000 sq. meters area

19-06-10 both PSD and GREYHOUND Hyderabad area , India success : 100%

2 targets underground in a 5.000 sq. meters area . Pin point and dig out and the 2 of them (3KG of AMFO, some bullets)

 

* PSD = Public Security Department.

** GREYHOUNDS = the most famous anti-terrorist team in the world.

 

KYKLOTRON 'S' official test's have recently been taken place in Riyadh , S.A.

27-03-10 PSD* , CAMP area success : 100%

10 targets on ground, underground, on trees, carry by a man, on a car. Pin point at 10 of them.

3-04-10 DESERT area success : 100%

14 Noe 07 GEOMENT TEAM (Mr Stromatias) presentation of AL-6D system to Cyprus Police (Antiterrorism Department)

 

29 Mar 06 GEOMENT TEAM (Mr Delikouras) tested of AL-6D system to GREEK ARMY (DEMINING BATALION ATHENS) success : 100%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.3 Test Methodology

METHOD 1

While all other explosive detectors needs samples to be collected from the suspected material, the Device is the worlds 1st and only one system that can detect and localize the explosives from a distance. It is up to the user how effectively it can be handled and utilized for localizing the explosive area and conducting further search operations to identify and defuse the explosives to prevent the loss of life and property. Before doing any search operation the operator needs thorough knowledge of the device and also needs full-fledged training of handling the equipment. Search operation needs the fallowing steps to be fallowed:

 

1. Define the area of search to be conducted

2. Understand the geography of the location

3. Collect the data and furnish the profarma (Annexure-1)

4. Scan the area from three different locations P1, P2 and P3 as shown in the Pic.1

 

The localization of explosive area occurs when there is only one explosive is planted in the location. The localized are 5m to 50m radius depends upon the quantity and type of the explosives. (Note here that the magnetic field of each material/composition of the material depend on the type of material and the quantity of the material used in the explosive) Conduct the search operation with the conventional methods to trace out the Explosive 5. 6. Defuse the explosive

METHOD 2

1. Define the area of search to be conducted

2. Understand the geography of the location

3. Collect the data and furnish the proforma (Annexure-1)

4. If found more than one line scan the area from three different locations P1, P2 , P3,

P4 & P5 as shown in the Pic.2

 

 

The localization of explosive areas T1, T2 & T3 occurs when there are multiple explosives planted in the location. The localized area may be 5m to 50m radius depends upon the quantity and type of the explosives. (Note here that the magnetic field of each material/composition of the material depend on the type of material and the quantity of the material used in the explosive)

. Once the targets are localized from a long distance to be more precious/authentic about the target do the close range scanning, but keep in mind that the detection distance from the target should not be less than 50m because there is every chance for missing the target when you conduct the scan from the close range

 

After the target is confirmed conduct the search operation with the conventional methods to trace out the Explosive. 7. Defuse the explosive

 

Probability of Target missing in close range detection (Multiple explosives in the location too close to each other (less than 50m distance)

The device has integrated elements to paramagnetism the detected materials. When multiple explosives are close to each other the magnetic flux causes deviation in detection. In such case the detection is easier from a long distance than close range. Explosives, which are within 15m ranges to each other, will have to be treated as single target. Detection of Targets on the trees and buildings

 

 

 

Close target will be overruled by the much stronger explosive dump/depot at longer distance beyond the location on search.

Very Important Note

Do

o Works on magnetic tuned phenomenon technology

o Detects the explosives on surface within the distance up to

10m to 20000m

o Detects the buried explosives up to 1m below the ground

o Detects all the pre tuned explosives

o Localizes the explosive area up to 50m radius

Dont

o Though detects explosives on the tress and building but, may

get influenced by the larger quantity of explosives beyond the

search operation area.

o Multiple explosives within the distance of 50m to each other

will have be treated as a single target and the detection done

from long distance to be should be considered.

o Only well trained operators needs to handle the device

o Dont do the scanning while walking

o Moving target influences the detection of fixed target

 

 

Detection Methodology

 

The methods for using DRONES EWS EWS and KYKLOTRON E4 INS sensor system described in this document, is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license. Copyright 2007 from Industrial Property Organization to Konstantinos Stromatias, call as inventor.

Patent Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR THE LONG-DISTANCE POINT DETERMINATION OF MATERIAL STRUCTURES WITH SYNCHRONOUS RECORDING THERE IN A GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS).

Bibliographic data: GR20070100067 (A) 2008-09-19

Inventors: STROMATIAS KONSTANTINOS EVANGELOU

Classification: International G01V3/14 European G01V3/14

Application number: GR20070100067 20070205

Priority number: GR20070100067 20070205

http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?DB=EPODOC&adjacent=true&locale=en_EP&FT=D&date=20080919&CC=GR&NR=20070100067A&KC=A

 

Summary:

Method and applied systems for point determination of material structures from long distances (4,000 û 16,000 meters), with simultaneous digital recording thereof in a geographical information system (GIS), applied by two systems , walking or wheeled or by one walking and one wheeled user, by the use of a portable system for detecting material structures from long distances, operating by the exploitation of the magnetic resonance effect, as previously described in the patents GR1005224, GR1004926, and the patent application 20060100352.; The method requires two systems , the one (65) moving independently from the other (66) and by the use of a portable magnetic resonator (1) they locate the precise direction of the material structure (44), the position of which is determined as a point from the intersection between the directions ((70), (69)) of the two magnetic resonance devices (1), by the portable computer carried by the systems or on a vehicle (10). The position ((66), (67)) and the direction ((70), (69)) of the systems is determined by the portable GPS device (57). A mobile-telephony relay system (e.g. a 3G card) (36), relays the signal ((63, 64)) from the one user (66)to the other (67) and to all the computers (35) of this particular aerial network, so that each user knows the position and direction of the other from the relevant points ((9), (43)) on the screens of their computers, and direct themselves.; This intersection point between the lines (45) is the exact point where the material structure (44) to be investigated is present. The method solves serious problems, such as that of the automatic recording of minefields, non-recorded minefields, other minefields laid randomly, non-standardized explosive materials, without any plan for laying or removal elements for these. It provides the advantage of the automatic digital recording without entering the minefield, the operation being instead perform complete safety. Also, it allows the remote digital recording of explosive materials from long distances, the terrorist-owner being unaware of that, resulting to the surveillance and recording of the actions of terrorist groups.

 

Notices

Kyklotron ltd 2012

This documentation and the technical information contained herein is confidential and is copyrighted by Kyklotron ltd and any third parties rightly involved. No part of this may be reproduced in any form or by any means (including electronic storage and retrieval or translation into a foreign language) without prior agreement and written consent from Kyklotron ltd as governed by Cyprus and international copyright laws. Designs and specifications subject to change without notice. All trademarks referenced in this document are the property of their respective owners.

 

Doc Number

T2010-30013

 

Edition

10/1

Printed in Cyprus

Kyklotron ltd

Simis 15d Strovolos Nikosia 2044 Cyprus EU

 

Structure

The T2010-30012 (English) and its localized versions contain a subset of the Service and is shipped with the detector in printed matter. Contains the complete information about the DRONES EWS early warning system and the KYKLOTRON E4 INS series SENSORS.

 

Technology Licenses

The hardware and/or software described in this document are furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license.

 

Restricted Rights Legend

Software and technical data rights granted to federal government customers include only those rights customarily provided to end user Customers of Software. Kyklotron ltd provides this customary commercial license in Software and technical data pursuant to FAR 12.211 (Technical Data) and FAR 12.212 (Computer Software) and, for Department of Defense purchases, DFARS 252.227-7015 (Technical Data - Commercial Items) and DFARS 227.7202-3 (Rights in Commercial Computer Software or Computer Software Documentation). If a federal government or other public sector Customer has a need for rights not conveyed under these terms, it must negotiate with Kyklotron ltd to establish acceptable terms in a written agreement executed by all relevant parties.

7. Research

 

DRONES EWS method, as implemented in KYKLOTRON E4 INS series for inspection, detection and localization any living or not material structure is a Kyklotron Ltd original tech, patented at Industry Property Organization www.obi.gr and European Patents Office www.ep.espasenet.com, established in 4 patents :

 

1. GR1004926 /2005-06-30 IPC: G01N23/20; G01N23/20; (IPC1-7): G01N23/20r

2. GR1005224 /2006-06-13 IPC:G01V3/12;G01N23/20;G01S17/66 (+3)

3. GR20060100352 /2008-02-05 IPC: G01V3/12; G01N23/20; G01S17/66; (+3)

4. GR20070100067/2008-09-19 IPC: G01V3/14; G01V3/14 EC: G01V3/14

State whether any other approvals are necessary before the product can be marketed.

/

 

Specify the market (describe potential clients, systems ).

The applications of DRONES EWS and KYKLOTRON sensors are limitless, including:

In general, some areas of the KYKLOTRON 'E4 INS ' system:

        Plain fields

        Under ground

        Under water

        Inside cages

        Airports and customhouses.

        Public foundations.

        Border crossings.

        Security of open areas.

        Military foundations.

        Shipyards and ports.

        Embassies.

        Armed forces.

        VIP Escort

        Police and general security

        Nuclear stations

        Wildlife Protection

        Search and rescue operations

        Events that require strict security measures

        Land mines demining

        In desert laid mines demining

        Sea mines demining

According to the American law 2007 on the Constitution of Application of 9 September Committee, from July 2012 will be obligatory the 100% scanning of all containers that is used for exports in the USA with marine transports before their loading in boat in port of foreigner. The European Union does not forecast the application of such meter. But why does react Europe for the meters of control in the harbors?

By the use of KYKLOTRON E4 INS series systems, will not exist technical and organizational difficulty, that will have as result important cost from likely restriction of transactions of the European Union, or other countries that export in the USA. On the contrary will exist explicit profit regarding the safety of ports and boats and persons more generally.

Analysis of supply and demand for the product of the entrepreneurial activity (substantiated analysis showing the existence or creation of a market for the proposed product, local and/or international).

 

In general, some areas of the KYKLOTRON 'E4 INS ' sensors

World trends and prospects with respect to the proposed new technology (special mention to be made as to whether the technology is entirely novel or an improvement of one already existing, etc.).

The KYKLOTRON E4 INS series sensors :

Uses a KYKLOTRON ENGINE that creating a particular type of Magnetic Field.

Has antenna rotated by the user holding the system, creating Angular Momentum.

Depending on the creating Magnetic Field, different types of Explosives, humans, narcotics and more other pre - tuned material structure can be detected.

When the user is trying to move the antenna out of the direction (line) of the explosive, magnetic tune * is experienced and detection is achieved.

 

 

8. Other Information

8.1 Members of Board - R&D Team

 

Konstantinos Stromatias born in 1958, is the founder and CEO of Kyklotron LTD, as well as one of the two inventors behind the kyklotron technology. He has 20 years of experience in C4ISR systems in the military sector as he is a Greek army retired Brigadier while serving in the division of Informatics as well as Branch of Combat Engineers. BsC in Greek Military Academy (1980).

M.Sc. in Computer & Electronics Engineering, and has been working in the fields of Pattern Recognition, Signal Processing, multi-sensor fusion on microelectronics and real-time systems. During his research he developed various systems and owns 17 patents. In 2009 he founded and established the C.G.R.I (Cyprus Geopathetic Research Institute). Since then he has been serving as the chairman of the institute.

PhD Candidate, research in Geophysics section in Patras University. Full CV is here : http://www.geoment.e-e-e.gr/ktitior6.htm

 

Alexios Delikouras born in 1962, is also the CEO of Kyklotron LTD, as well as one of the two inventors behind the kyklotron technology. He has 25 years of experience in the military sector as he is a retired Major from the Greek army while serving in the division of Communications. He was a RADAR technician also, awarded with a diploma, and has been working in the fields of Signal Processing and microelectronics. During his research he developed various systems and owns 6 patents.

Marios Daoutis born in 1984, R&D Manager director of Kyklotron ltd.

2007 Present Örebro University AASS Research Center. Mobile Robotics Lab. PhD in Computer Science. Research Topic: Commonsense Knowledge based Perceptual Anchoring. Supervisors : Prof. Silvia Coradeschi, Dr. Amy Loutfi. 2006 - 2007 The University Of Liverpool MSc in Advanced Computer Science Thesis Subject Replacement Strategies in Genetic Programming. Main Supervisor: Prof. David Jackson. 2003-2006 The University Of Liverpool BSc (Hons) in Artificial Intelligence Thesis Subject Implementing Multi-Agent Theorem Proving. Main Supervisor Prof. Prof. Michael Fischer. 2002-2003 The University Of Liverpool Electrical Engineer and Electronics (Foundation Year)

Work Experience Java Developer - FortunetHellas INC, Athens, Greece Summer 2006. Business technical support Agent - Edgetech Ltd., Athens, Greece Summer 2005 . Network Technician - Hellas Digital Ltd., Athens, Greece Summer 2004.

 

Computing skills Java C/C++ Unix Shell SQL Perl XML PHP JavaScript HTML Microsoft/Open Office Suites Assembly Semantics & Ontology Programming Parallel and Agent Programming Artificial Intelligence Programming Natural Computation Computer Hardware (assembly/configuration/troubleshooting) Operating Systems (Windows, Unix, MacOS platforms)

 

Evangelos Stromatias, born in 1984, Hardware Manager Director of Kyklotron ltd.

PhD Candidate in Computer Science. (award) He is a researcher of the team of Dr Steve Furber, at eural Systems Engineering. Manchester University.

M.Sc. in Microelectronic Systems

Organisation: University of Liverpool, Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics.

Thesis Title: Parallel processing using Evaluator 7T boards to implement spiking neural networks Abstract The objective of this project is to create a large network of Spiking Neural Networks using many interconnected ARM Evaluator 7T boards. Each board will be programmed to represent several Spiking Neurons and a number of boards will communicate with each other to create a neural network. The network will be trained based on a proposed supervised learning algorithm with limited weight precision for pattern recognition tasks.

December 2002 May

B.Sc. in Automation engineering

Organisation: Technological Educational Institute of Piraeus, Department of Automation

Engineering. Graduation Project: Development of a photovoltaic model and maximum power point

tracker using Matlab/Simulink Abstract The project involved the design of a photovoltaic module, maximum power point tracker, DC/DC converter and a resistive load. Matlab/Simulink were used to create the whole system that involved the simulation of a microcontroller using STATEFLOW where different known maximum power point tracking techniques were compared for different input weather conditions. A new algorithm was proposed based on the Perturb-and-Observe (P&O) method, which proved to be superior to the aforementioned.

May.2009 July.2009: Automation Engineer in the Instrument Department of the Hellenic Petroleum S.A. Main activities: Two-month renewal of my contract in Hellenic Petroleum S.A for the needs of the refinerys Shutdown.

Employer: Hellenic Petroleum ELPE S.A., Aspropyrgos Refinery, Greece.

Oct.2008 - Apr.2009: Job trainee in the Instrument Department of the Hellenic Petroleum S.A. Main activities: Training in

The refinerys control systems, with emphasis given to Yokogawas DCS Centum V, CS,

and CS 300 where we dealt with hardware and software issues.

The Emergency Shutdown (E.S.D) system of the refinery, which included several P.L.C.

brands, such as Siemens S5, S7, Allen Bradley and Hima.

Control loops and sequence tables.

Control valves and transmitters (as of level and pressure).

Wiring and instrumentation.

Employer: Hellenic Petroleum ELPE S.A., Aspropyrgos Refinery, Greece.

His MsC work has been accepted for presentation at the 2012 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks and for publication in the conference proceedings published by IEEE (Paper ID: 601 , Author(s): Evangelos Stromatias and John Marsland , Title: Supervised learning in Spiking Neural Networks with Limited Precision: SNN/LP).

 

Alexandros Geronikos born in 1979, Software Manager Director of Kyklotron ltd.

2004: University of Crete. Studies in Computer Science Dpt. 2000 2001: University of Hannover Germany. Studies in the Technical Computer Science Dpt. (Technische Informatik)

1997 2000: University of Crete Studies in Computer Science Dpt. 2005 up to date, Ministry of Education Teaching Computer Science. 2003 up to date Freelancer. Development of Applications on request. 2005 2006 : Telenavis Hellas A.E.

        Development of applications in doja programming language (cellular phones/ i-mode)

        Development of LBS Applications in Java programming Language

        Development of a Protocol Specific Communication Application Server in Java Language

2002 - 2002 : Foundation for Resarch and Technology Institute of Computer Science (Heraklion Crete), Dpt. Of Telecommunications and Networks

        Study and Improvement of the 802.11b Wireless Network

2002 - 2002 : Foundation for Resarch and Technology Institute of Computer Science (Heraklion Crete), Dpt. of Computational Medicine

        Development of a system for the authentication of patients using smart-cards

2000 - 2001 : University of Hannover- IRB Institute (Institut fuer Rechnerstrukturen und Betriebssysteme). Development of Applications using Encrypting/Decrypting Algorithms and Cryptosystems (eg. PGP)

2001 : University of Hannover- TNT Institute (Theoretische Nachrichten Technik)

        Development of a progamm processing aerial photos in C++ programming Language

Programing Languages : C , C++ , Visual C ++ , Java , Doja, Pascal , Assembly, Verilog , SQL , HTML , PHP, VB .Net, ASP.Net Programing Enviroments: MS Visual Studio 6, MS Visual Studio .Net, GNU C, J Builder Pro, MS Office, PCSpim, Telos, Eclipse, NetBeans Operating Systems :

MS Windows, DOS, Linux, Unix, MacOS Spoken Languages English (Proficiency of Cambridge), German (Mittelstufe Goethe Institut)

 

Appendices

 

Appendix A.1 Portfolio of Patents about WMTS tech

Appendix A.2 Cooperation Certificates

Appendix A.3 Technical Specifications

Appendix A.4 Management of intellectual property rights

Appendix A.5 The Corridor Project

Appendix A.6 Paramagnetism Matterial detection technologies

Appendix A.7 Laser Matterial detection technologies

Appendix .8 Abstract and Patents of Kyklotron ltd R & D

 

 

Appendix A.1 Portfolio of Patents about WMTS tech (4 PATENTS)

 

Title: SYSTEM FOR THE DETECTION OF EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS AND MIXTURES FROM MEDIUM DISTANCES AND DEPTHS

Bibliographic data: GR1004926 (B) 2005-06-30

Inventors: DELIKOURAS ALEXIOS NIKOLAOU; STROMATIAS KONSTANTINOS EVANGELOU

Classification: International G01N23/20; (IPC 1-7): G01N23/20

Application number: GR20040100482 20041216

Priority number: GR20040100482 20041216

Summary (in English):

The invention relates to a low-cost, portable system for the detection, in real time and from 300 m distance and 5 m depth, all known explosive materials and mixtures by indicating in time to the operator the accurate direction (azimuth) of the explosive material. It is a low-cost, handy, easily manufactured, energetically-autonomous and, inter alia, a significant weapon used for fighting the illegal distribution of explosive materials and mixtures as well as the international terrorism, mainlythe terrorist groups characterized as "asymmetrical" threats. The system in question is presented into three forms: a portable form, a second form suited for being installed in spaces where the control of the explosive materials distribution is required and a composite form consisted of a variable number of sensors-devices with respect to the kind of the explosive materials to be detected. In relationship to the armouring of the space and the quantity of the explosive materials to be detonated,the compositely formed system, which presupposes the obligatory passage of passengers through blinded and automatically sealed chambers-corridors, ensures zero or low rate of victims in the disagreeable event of detonation or self-ignition of explosives. All three variants are practicable for the control of any spaces (airports, great ships, exhibition centres, multi-stores, railway stations, VIP buildings, government buildings, military institutions, vehicles etc) without the localized person or terrorist, transporting the explosive materials, noticing anything, what leads to the efficient handling of the situation.

Link: http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?CC=GR&NR=1004926&KC=&FT=E&locale=en_EP

* This Internet link (blue colour letters) have all the information needed , including the full patent document and the full patent figures. Those documents can easily downloaded. The patent certificate :

 

 

 

 

The final Research Reference for this patent :

 

Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM OF A MACROSCOPIC PERIMETRIC SCANNING BEAM LOCATING UP TO SIX DIFFERENT DISTINGUISHABLE MATERIAL STRUCTURES

Bibliographic data: GR1005224 (B) 2006-06-13

Inventors: DELIKOURAS ALEXIOS NIKOLAOU; STROMATIAS KONSTANTINOS EVANGELOU

Classification: International G01N23/20; G01S17/66; G01V3/12

Application number: GR20050100549 20051107

Priority number: GR20050100549 20051107

Summary (in English):

A method and system of a macroscopic perimetric scanning beam locating up to six different distinguishable material structures via continuously emitted particularly featured electromagnetic waves scanning at a 360 deg. angle on the earth horizontal plane, within a scanning range greater than 1000 m from the search point and under the soil and water at a depth exceeding the 8 m, which electromagnetic waves are not influenced by signature-concealing volumes, and are produced by an electromotor being part of an micro-electric system pre-coordinating up to 6 distinguishable material structures by identifying their electronic signature. Said method is based on the Hartman's theory regarding the creation of magnetic nodes on material bodies, the theory of morphogenetic fields and in that the electromagnetic radiations create a magnetic node on the under-detection material structure 18; then, being partially reflected from the material structure, the electromagnetic radiations send back to their emitter 31 -among other information- the electronic signature of the material structure 18 upon influencing of the magnetic field of this last. In practice, if v distinguishable material structures existed on the ground, all could be probably located via this method on condition that v/6 devices have been developed. The invention is applicable to various areas for the detection of explosives and other material structures, or to any moving means in related areas by providing information to a simple portable computer or to mobile or stationary control and administration centres. A specially manufactured array of permanently installed devices may be established to much frequented control points such as airports, boats, exhibition rooms, stores, military institutions, railway stations, control of frontiers, governmental buildings etc by use of special blinded and automatically sealed chamber to ensure low rate of victims in case of explosives set off by terrorists.

Link: http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?CC=GR&NR=1005224&KC=&FT=E&locale=en_EP

 

* This Internet link (blue colour letters) have all the information needed , including the full patent document and the full patent figures. Those documents can easily downloaded.

The patent certificate :

 

 

The final Research Reference for this patent :

Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM OF A MACROSCOPIC PERIMETRIC SCANNING BEAM LOCATING UP TO SIX DIFFERENT DISTINGUISHABLE MATERIAL STRUCTURES

Bibliographic data: GR20060100352 (A) 2008-02-05

Inventors: STROMATIAS KONSTANTINOS EVANGELOU; DELIKOURAS ALEXIOS NIKOLAOU

Classification: International G01N23/20; G01S17/66; G01V3/12

Application number: GR20060100352 20060616

Priority number: GR20060100352 20060616

Summary (in English):

There is disclosed a method consisting in the use of a macroscopic perimetric scanning beam locating distinguishable material structures by magnetic coordination established between the device-system whereto said method is applied and the precise distinguishable material structure to be located. The emitted inoffensive electromagnetic spectrum -which electromagnetic spectrum is produced by a digital pulse generator being constituent part of the digital micro-electronic system allowing by use of a specific microprocessor and a keyboard 80 the entry and, thereby, the location of a theorically infinite number of pre-coordinated distinguishable material structures- scans at a 360 deg. angle on the earth horizontal plane, within a scanning range greater than 1000 m from the search point at a depth exceeding the 8 m. Not influenced by signature-concealing volumes, same magnetic spectrum is in position to "bombard" 19 the under-detection material structure 18 with photons createdby the motion of the electrons of the electromagnetic spectrum emitted from the device; the thus created photons endow the material structure with a particular magnetic field 98 by establishing magnetic coordination between the material structure and the unified man-and-device/system 102,1 and urge the central antenna 15 of the device 15 to permanently follow the dynamic lines of a fictive magnet 105 having for poles the device and the material structure , said central antenna being acting as amagnetic compass continuously showing the material structure to be located.; An embodiment of said method is the development of an improved small-weighted, portable, energetically autonomous device bearing additionally a special LED-type pilot lamp 79 reacting upon location of the material structure, a spectrographer analysing the electromagnetic waves coming back from the material structure by display of the related data on a digital liquid crystal screen 88. The device in question is able tolocate a theorically infinite number of distinguishable material structures such as explosive materials, metals, non-metal elements, living humans, human or animal bones, drugs, water, minerals, wood, glass etc.

Link: http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?DB=EPODOC&adjacent=true&locale=en_EP&FT=D&date=20080205&CC=GR&NR=20060100352A&KC=A

* This Internet link (blue colour letters) have all the information needed , including the full patent document and the full patent figures. Those documents can easily downloaded.

 

 

 

The patent certificate :

 

 

 

 

The final Research Reference for this patent :

 

Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR THE LONG-DISTANCE POINT DETERMINATION OF MATERIAL STRUCTURES WITH SYNCHRONOUS RECORDING THERE IN A GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS).

Bibliographic data: GR20070100067 (A) 2008-09-19

Inventors: STROMATIAS KONSTANTINOS EVANGELOU

Classification: International G01V3/14

European G01V3/14

Application number: GR20070100067 20070205

Priority number: GR20070100067 20070205

Summary (in English):

Method and applied systems for point determination of material structures from long distances (4,000 û 16,000 meters), with simultaneous digital recording thereof in a geographical information system (GIS), applied by two systems , walking or wheeled or by one walking and one wheeled user, by the use of a portable system for detecting material structures from long distances, operating by the exploitation of the magnetic resonance effect, as previously described in the patents GR1005224, GR1004926, and the patent application 20060100352.; The method requires two systems , the one (65) moving independently from the other (66) and by the use of a portable magnetic resonator (1) they locate the precise direction of the material structure (44), the position of which is determined as a point from the intersection between the directions ((70), (69)) of the two magnetic resonance devices (1), by the portable computer carried by the systems or on a vehicle (10). The position ((66), (67)) and the direction ((70), (69)) of the systems is determined by the portable GPS device (57). A mobile-telephony relay system (e.g. a 3G card) (36), relays the signal ((63, 64)) from the one user (66)to the other (67) and to all the computers (35) of this particular aerial network, so that each user knows the position and direction of the other from the relevant points ((9), (43)) on the screens of their computers, and direct themselves.; This intersection point between the lines (45) is the exactpoint where the material structure (44) to be investigated is present. The method solves serious problems, such as that of the automatic recording of minefields, ôsuspect areasö, non-recorded minefields, other minefields laid randomly, non-standardized explosive materials, without any plan for laying or removal elements for these. It provides the advantage of the automatic digital recording without entering the minefield, the operation being instead performe mplete safety. Also, it allows the remote digital recording of explosive materials from long distances, the terrorist-owner being unaware of that, resulting to the ôinvisibleö surveillance and recording of the actions of terrorist groups.

Link: http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?DB=EPODOC&adjacent=true&locale=en_EP&FT=D&date=20080919&CC=GR&NR=20070100067A&KC=A

 

* This Internet link (blue colour letters) have all the information needed , including the full patent document and the full patent figures. Those documents can easily downloaded.

 

 

The patent certificate :

 

 

The final Research Reference for this patent :

 

 

 

 

Appendix A.2 Cooperation Certificates

KYKLOTRON and WMTS tech official test's, presentations have been taken place :

 

901-12 ISF (Internal Security Forces), Doha , Qatar

11-01-12 Qatar , Border Guards

 

11-01-12 UNITED ARABIC EMIRATES , Police Headquarters , Fujairah

In this photo : Kon. Stromatias, Kyklotron CEO, as a trainer on WMTS systems in PSD , S.A. Riyadh

 

14-06-10 PSD* , Hyderabad , India

 

18-06-10 GREYHOUNDs, Hyderabad , India

27-03-10 PSD Public Security Department, Riyadh , Saudi Arabia

 

14 Noe 07 GEOMENT TEAM (Mr Stromatias) presentation of AL-6D system to Cyprus Police (Antiterorism Department)

 

29 Mar 06 GEOMENT TEAM (Mr Delikouras) tested of AL-6D system to GREEK ARMY

6 Sep 2008. GEOMENT TEAM scientific team has developed a number of WMTS using the magnetic tuned phenomenon , by the use of which can locate all type of telluric currents. The team has also developed small, portable, appliances that making telluric currents density very low, so that easing some persons from headaches and migraines. The team has located a lot of ancient roc formatives near regions that telluric currents flow. Those roc formatives appear to be manufactured using unknown, high technology in very distant years at the past.

 

1 Jun 07 Cyprus mass briefing means announced officially the existence of gold layers in regions: Mitsero, Klirou and Hrisospiliotisa territory. The existence of the above gold layers indication announced by GEOMENT TEAM special scientific assignment, at 1st June 2006 after the wide Nicosia region search by the use of 3fd generation WMTS type machines on behalf of the known Cypriote businessman Sotiris Loizou.

 

14 Noe 07 GEOMENT TEAM (Mr Stromatias) presentation of WMTS system to Cyprus Police (Antiterorism Department)

 

29 Mar 06 GEOMENT TEAM (Mr Delikouras) presentation of WMTS system to GREEK ARMY (DEMINING BATALION ATHENS) and do a successfully test. Here is the official document of GREEK ARMY for this test.

 

12 Noe 05 ENOSI HLEKTRONIKH in corporation with GEOMENT TEAM to manage the first prototype AL-6D system

 

28 Feb 05 New WMTS type machines to localize & record in a GIS digital database, every known distinguishable material structure up to 1600 meters long and in depths over 8 meters underground - water

 

2 Feb 05 SYNTHETIC LABS A.E.in corporation with GEOMENT TEAM to manage the first prototype AL-6D system

 

16-12-2004 the first of 4 patents about WMTS tech is officially accepted (1004926 )

http://www.cgri.gr/wmtspatents.htm

7-11-2005 the second of 4 patents about WMTS tech is officially accepted (1005224 ) http://www.cgri.gr/wmtspatents.htm

8-11-2005 the third of 4 patents about WMTS tech is officially accepted (1006695 )

http://www.cgri.gr/wmtspatents.htm

24-8-2005 Colonel Stromatias officialy reports about WMTS tech at Greek Army Ministry (http://www.geoment.e-e-e.gr/def_cat_prodgr.htm).

 

 

 

At 7-3-2007, the Greek Armed Forces General Staff (responsible for research sector in Defense) strongly believes that WMTS must be developed because they have special operational interest and can be developed with low cost. Here is a picture of the official document and an translation in English bellow :

 

Translation in English from Greek language

 

O: HELLENIC NATIONAL DEFENSE HNDGS

GENERAL STAFF (HNDGS) / DIVISION 5 (COMMUNICATIONS

EVOLUTION CENTER - INFORMATICS)

SECRETARIAT

Tel. (internal) 6020

INFO: HNDGS/ DIVISION 5 File.900/32/121610

Colonel Stromatias Konstantinos Draft 335

Athens March 6 2007

Attachments : the relative file (2

sheets)

MATTER : Miscellaneous ( Research Technology )

RELATIVES : Colonel Stromatias Konstantinos official report from March 2 2007

1. Attached transited the relative document refers to a number of innovations that Colonel Stromatias Konstantinos possessed and most of them are multisensoring microelectronics systems and two of those are referred to computers systems security.

2. Division 5 concludes that the matters that are presented to the relative document have operational interest, having low developing cost, and are in the targets of interoperability and jointness of Greek National Defense.

3. Please for your actions so that these issues be brought to the attention of relevant Divisions.

True copy General Dimitrios Oulis Rousis

Director of Division 5 / HNDGS

Surgent Vasilakopoulos Panagiotis

Division 5 secretary

 

10 Jan 04 Geoment Team Products the very first WMTS tech machine to inspect, detect & localize from up to 1000 meters long every known material structure (explosive maters, narcotics, living humans, bones, stones, metals , non metals, void etc.

 

2 Nov 03 GEOMENT TEAM established by the two WMTS tech inventors.

 

Appendix A.3 Technical Specifications

KYKLOTRON E4 INS Sensors Technical Data

Detection Method: Magnetic tuned phenomenon **

Sensitivity: Below Trace level. [Fingerprint] (In the Picogram range.)

Selectivity: < 1% typical false positive rate (this is mainly due to the inability to visibly see or trace-detector sampling, unable to analyze.)

Detection/Reaction Time: Less than 6 - 10 Seconds for a 180 degrees sector

Setup Time: Depends on the magnetic fields neutralize process. Less than 1 minute after this process.

Environmental: for Kyklotron SE4 INS : Operating temperature -40C to +60C (-40F to +140F) [extreem temperatures tested in refrigerated and oven-type environments].

for Kyklotron LE4 INS : Operating temperature -10C to +50C [limitations exist for the computer system for the GIS environment of DRONES EWS .

Power: 12 volt power supply. Car charger available. External power supply is available too (heavy duty missions).

Signal Processing: Magnetic tuned attraction, input to moving directional antenna

Detection at 180 degrees across user's body.

Calibration: Not normally required. For accuracy user tests equipment prior to use by detecting a sample of the material.

Detection Modes: Magnetic tuned **

Materials to Detect:

Pre tuned :

any metal structure ,

any non metal structure,

living humans,

dead humans,

animals,

clear watery,

magnetic vacuum

Ammunitions- explosives- shells drivers- gun bullets used ammunitions- Fireworks - incandescent lights

- black powder explosives.

- plastic explosives: C4, C1, PEA1, PEA2, C2, C5, PEA5

- CHINESE, RUSSIAN AND CZECK SEMTEX.

◘ AMFO ◘ RDNX

◘ TNT ◘ PeTN

◘ DYNAMITE ◘ Nytrogelysreen

◘ Nitro glycerin ◘ Bakrik Acid

◘ Tetrick ◘ Hexogen (RDX)

◘ Aktogen ◘ Mud Explosives

◘ Water gel explosives ◘ Emulsified explosives

◘ Chlorite \ Alberchlorite ◘ Rubber Explosives

◘ Neptrojandin ◘ DNT

◘ OTHER OBJECTS: human body (or bodies under rubble), Dirty Bombs (Uranium wastes)

Additional materials available. Must ordered , and must give us a sample to pre - tuned. Contact Kyklotron Ltd for further information.

Does not detect and does not get confused with:

o Cosmetics, glycerine, etc

o Traces of material, on the air, in the water, on the ground or on clothes

Areas of the KYKLOTRON '.E4 INS ' system

        Plain fields

        - Under ground

        - Under water

        - inside cages

        - Airports and customhouses.

        - Public foundations.

        - Border crossings.

        - Security of open areas.

        - Military foundations.

        - Shipyards and ports.

        - Embassies.

        - Armed forces.

        - VIP Escort

        - Police and general security

        - Nuclear stations

        - Wildlife Protection

        - Search and rescue operations

        - Events that require strict security measures

KYKLOTRON .E4 INS appliance is self-contained energy package and does not require external power.

Sensor aditional materials (Cards, radionic search capabilities etc ) : no required

Warranty:

        2 year limited warranty on hardware only.

        2 year limited warranty on DRONES EWS software.

        1 year electronic media support

Training Courses :

Available training courses in the use of the system and equipment are :

        Basic operator training course (required).

        Advanced (power ) user.

        Trainers training course.

        Training in Maritime or Aviation.

        Training in or out high buildings

        Special training in Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs).

        Any other training in detection of any target.

        Search and Rescue for Humans.

        Search for dead people.

Contact Kyklotron ltd for further information.

Detection Range (in tests)

        Ground level: 0 to > 20.000 meters (tests carried out in various conditions with no clear line-of-sight. Especialy in places on earth that magnetic fields are powerful as in Greece , Europe )

        From Aircraft: Up to 6000 meters (4+ miles)

        Under Water: Up to 50 meters (150+ feet)

        Underground: Up to 25 meters (75 + feet)

         

NOTES:

* All of the above are indications in air speed < 2 m/sec. Aspects relating to weather such as high temperatures > 50 Celsious degrees, extremely high humidity and extreme cold, may be affect results shown above. Especially the GIS hardware of the KYKLOTRON LE4 INS system. Independant tests should be carried out by potential clients to confirm their own needs & requirements for the KYKLOTRON .E4 INS use.

** Magnetic tuned phenomenon, as implemented in KYKLOTRON E4 INS series for inspection, detection and localization any living or not material structure is a Kyklotron Ltd original tech, patented at Industry Property Organization www.obi.gr and European Patents Office www.ep.espasenet.com, established in 4 patents :

 

1. GR1004926 /2005-06-30 IPC: G01N23/20; G01N23/20; (IPC1-7): G01N23/20r

2. GR1005224 /2006-06-13 IPC:G01V3/12;G01N23/20;G01S17/66 (+3)

3. GR20060100352 /2008-02-05 IPC: G01V3/12; G01N23/20; G01S17/66; (+3)

4. GR20070100067/2008-09-19 IPC: G01V3/14; G01V3/14 EC: G01V3/14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix A.4 Management of intellectual property rights

 

Notices

Kyklotron ltd 2012

This documentation and the technical information contained herein is confidential and is copyrighted by Kyklotron ltd and any third parties rightly involved. No part of this may be reproduced in any form or by any means (including electronic storage and retrieval or translation into a foreign language) without prior agreement and written consent from Kyklotron ltd as governed by Cyprus and international copyright laws. Designs and specifications subject to change without notice. All trademarks referenced in this document are the property of their respective owners.

Doc Number

KY1512-30010

Edition

12/11

Printed in Cyprus

Kyklotron ltd

Simis 15d Strovolos Nikosia 2044 Cyprus EU

Structure

The KY1512-30010 (English) and its localized versions contain a subset of the Service and is shipped with the detector in printed matter. Contains the complete information about the DRONES EWS early warning system and the KYKLOTRON E4 INS series SENSORS.

Technology Licenses

The hardware and/or software described in this document are furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license.

Restricted Rights Legend

Software and technical data rights granted to federal government customers include only those rights customarily provided to end user Customers of Software. Kyklotron ltd provides this customary commercial license in Software and technical data pursuant to FAR 12.211 (Technical Data) and FAR 12.212 (Computer Software) and, for Department of Defense purchases, DFARS 252.227-7015 (Technical Data - Commercial Items) and DFARS 227.7202-3 (Rights in Commercial Computer Software or Computer Software Documentation). If a federal government or other public sector Customer has a need for rights not conveyed under these terms, it must negotiate with Kyklotron ltd to establish acceptable terms in a written agreement executed by all relevant parties.

This doc provides information for setting up and using a KYKLOTRON series E4 INS explosives detector sensor with the KYKLOTRON engine on board, PAD computer, the software of the DRONES EWS early warning system, other sensors, unit control, energy system and hardware, referred to models :

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This web site is a property of the Kyklotron Ltd company. Before you enter in this web page, we kindly request to read the terms of use that follow, because the use presupposes unconditional acceptance of this terms. Entry in the present web site involves automatically your consent at the being in effect legislation about personal data protection. Kyklotron Ltd company, is held her right to modify the below terms of use whenever, without previous briefing. In every case the new terms are in effect from their publication at this web site. The access and use afterwards the time of publication of the new terms, presuppose and involve their unconditional acceptance. The present terms should not be confused with any other web site. They exclusively concern the use of our web page. Any difference results from the present terms, included also what concerns their interpretation, are under the Greek Lows and it will be solved at Athens Courts.

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This web page is only offered for personal use and it does not give no other right for the user, which recognizes that the signals and each right intellectual and/or industrial property on the content, belongs exclusively in the Kyklotron Ltd company. Consequently the user is not eligible to copy, to repeat, to print, to modify, to sell or with any way to acquire commercial profit from the content of this web site, without the written consent of the Kyklotron Ltd company, always of course under the reserve of by any chance opposite provision of the effect legislation.

Responsibility Restriction

The Kyklotron Ltd company does not guarantee for the correctness or precision of elements that is contained here, or it is for texts or on photographs or on any type information, from anyone and if were registered and does not bring any responsibility for by any chance damage or loss, positive, negative or other, that by any chance was caused or is caused by the use this web site or the access in this, included the cases of where such type damage it is owed in inaccurate elements or information, at mentioning before. The responsibility exemption of the Kyklotron Ltd company, which the user accepts unconditionally with alone the use of present web site, is not extended in cases of death or bodily damage from deceit or heavy negligence.

Interconnection in other web pages

In present web site are provided interconnections at other web pages, (links or in any other way) the content of which - and so is by any chance offered services and/or products and/or information - do not check the Kyklotron Ltd company, and for which it is not accountable in any way. The user recognizes that access in other (except Kyklotron Ltd) web pages and the use of those web pages, is further realized at his exclusive responsibility.

NOT ACCEPTANCE of RESPONSIBILITY

It is expressly prohibited with any way and for any reason, the violation of nutshell or any other part of any KYKLOTRON series system. Such an action, except other possible damages on the system or on humans, will probably dislocate the factorial regulations of the system and it influences negatively the equitable operation of the system. The use of all or part or any element of any KYKLOTRON series system, for use by any other system, machine or element without written authorization of Kyklotron Ltd, is prohibited.

The acceptance and observation of rules and policies, and the conformity with the quoted directives and those that are entered expressly so much in official web site as in accompanying the sale document of each system of KYKLOTRON LTD, constitute obligation and simultaneously responsibility of the purchaser of the system. Not OBSERVATION of something from those, or part or the total, renders the purchaser guilty of bad use, case at which KYKLOTRON LTD rejects any responsibility for system results, partial or total destruction of the system that supplied, or for each other consequence that concerns the system or third persons.

KYKLOTRON LTD does not accept any responsibility for the aims, the way and the time, that the buyer of any of our systems will use the system.

ATTENTION : The legislation in each country possible it places restrictions with regard to the possession or use of these OR similar systems. The knowledge of the specific laws ( legislation in force ) for each country, or any territory in the planet, it is a responsibility of the purchaser and not KYKLOTRON's Ltd.

Responsibly for resolution of all kinds of differences between the involved parts, are the courts of Cyprus.

 

Appendix .5 The Corridor Project

 

An automated installed system that could detect explosives, narcotics and other material structures in airports, railway stations, bus stations, harbors, buildings, camps, etc.

 

The KYKLOTRON INS sensors could be installed at every place, at every station, on vehicles, any ware . By the use of those sensors the CORRIDOR PROJECT could be take place. The CORRIDOR PROJECT is not a simple early warning system but and a trap for anyone that carries explosives and narcotics. Is a huge project that every company in the world tries to develop for years now. The CORRIDOR PROJECT is a Kyklotrons ltd patent.

 

The reference patents include more serious systems that could be developed in the feature, as is the CORIDOR PROJECT shown below at figures, a metallic corridor in which even if a terrorist blows up the explosives that carried on, the demolition products could directed up, to a place that no death or damage can be done in an airport, or serious travel station. Figures below is a part of the idea. Gray scale figures are from original patents figures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The demolition (5) became and the gasses from the explosive (arrows) are targeting to the air ( cone base ) so nobody human could be hurt and no damages happened.

 

 

 

Appendix A.6 Para magnetism Matterial detection technologies

Why Kyklotron ltd is not using  para magnetism tech in explosives detection ? 

What is para magnetic phenomenon ?

Paramagnetism   (from  >> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramagnetism )is a form of magnetism whereby the paramagnetic material is only attracted when in the presence of an externally applied magnetic field. In contrast with this behavior, diamagnetic materials are repelled by magnetic fields.[1] Paramagnetic materials have a relative magnetic permeability greater or equal to unity (i.e., a positive magnetic susceptibility) and hence are attracted to magnetic fields. The magnetic moment induced by the applied field is linear in the field strength and rather weak. It typically requires a sensitive analytical balance to detect the effect and modern measurements on paramagnetic materials are often conducted with a SQUID magnetometer.

Paramagnetic materials have a small, positive susceptibility to magnetic fields. These materials are slightly attracted by a magnetic field and the material does not retain the magnetic properties when the external field is removed. Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field. Paramagnetic materials include magnesium, molybdenum, lithium, and tantalum.

Unlike ferromagnets, paramagnets do not retain any magnetization in the absence of an externally applied magnetic field, because thermal motion randomizes the spin orientations. Some paramagnetic materials retain spin disorder at absolute zero, meaning they are paramagnetic in the ground state. Thus the total magnetization drops to zero when the applied field is removed. Even in the presence of the field there is only a small induced magnetization because only a small fraction of the spins will be oriented by the field. This fraction is proportional to the field strength and this explains the linear dependency. The attraction experienced by ferromagnetic materials is non-linear and much stronger, so that it is easily observed, for instance, by the attraction between a refrigerator magnet and the iron of the refrigerator itself 

see more >> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramagnetism

Kyklotron's ltd and Cyprus Geopathetic Research Institute tests conclusions  about para magnetism tech in explosives detection

After 3 years testing in Greece, Cyprus, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, U.A.E, and India Kyklotrons ltd scientific team notice that in the previous generation systems that had been developed since 2004, based in the para magnetism m,agnetic tuned phenomenon as their basic operating principle, the following :

- failure to pin point process

- failure to function for long time


- self-tuned phenomena in many natural minerals, especially in some of crystal structure 


- self - resonance phenomena in natural minerals, especially in those crystal structure

 - absolute (for good working) dependence in room and storage temperatures (26 28 Celsius degree)

- strong affection to heterogenesis magnetic fields ( as are telluric currents, etc)

- strictly dependent on the human user existence (for working properly)


- absolute reliance on weather ( local ) weather conditions

Using for all those years built in paramagnetic tuned technology in our previous generation systems in Kyklotron ltd, we confirm :  

- failure to clean process from explosives on a specific area


-failure to protection process from explosives of a specific area

increased possibility of making error in target (explosive) detection

-totally impuissance operation in the field (in finding the proper target not crystals or minerals)

   
-Extremely difficulty to pre tune  the new (today using) explosive mixtures

   
 - Continue feed buck and regulating requirements for the system setup as to be satisfactory able to detect the target.

 - an increased possibility to make the user confused about the target direction

More particular ,

 We in Kyklotron ltd in practice, using para magnetism tech embedded in our machines, we could not reach closer targets than 120 meters.  This means 4 5 blocs of flats target detection impuissance.  In real world we could not do the clean from explosives process

In General we in Kyklotron ltd we noticed that :

 This tech is patented by patent no: EP 0911650 B1, and uses a specific frequency transition for each detected material structure.

The para magnetism technology based on the electromagnetic emission of low radiation frequencies (VLF - LF). 

 Those frequencies ( http://www.kyklotron.com/NQR.html ) are often not univocal for a specific material structure.   A typical example of this is the case of the explosive type by the name 'tortile'.

 At the beginning of our tests process we observe that although this explosive material poorly tuned in temperature / room / lab conditions (26 28 degrees Celsius).

Later, at field tests in different weather and local conditions in Europe, Gulf territory and Asia, we notice that the specific tuned frequency tuned in root of trees and crystalline forms of natural minerals.  Especially in tests that there is water beneath the subsoil or flowing water on the surface (particularly near rivers) or in raining conditions.

In our opinion, this fact might in some cases to pose serious risks for those who will use this tech, because tortile is almost in all ammunitions (artillery shells, bombs, mortars, grenades of all types, mortars, projectiles etc. )

Unfortunately we found that the above example is not unique or exception

This tech appears self- tuned phenomena in crystalline structure materials (minerals especially).

 Those kind of materials have the capacity to return buck the specific frequency (as radiation) which the para magnetism based phenomenon tech machines bomb them with.

 

 A typical mineral crystalloid stone , that causes  'abnormal' results in magnetic tuned phenomenon.  This  specific rock tuned in most known sequences for tuning explosive matters, as tortile.  When this particular rock take the electromagnetic wave in the field, the magnetometer (below picture) indication was 43 esla.

  

At the left above picture, the same rock without getting any magnetic radiation from any magnetic tuned device, in the laboratory, has an it shelf magnetic field, indicated as12 esla.

 

At the right above picture, the same rock when putted into water, turned to red color. 

 

At the above pictures, the same rock when putted into water, without getting any magnetic radiation, indicated as 5 esla.

Especially in areas where pine trees exists, this self tuned phenomenon is very acute and strong.  This because pine roots derive ores and minerals from the soil and mixed inside the tree with the RESIN making a mixed that German scientist